Logo Search packages:      
Sourcecode: eli version File versions

cccp.c

/* C Compatible Compiler Preprocessor (CCCP)
Copyright (C) 1986, 1987, 1989 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
                    Written by Paul Rubin, June 1986
                Adapted to ANSI C, Richard Stallman, Jan 1987

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
Free Software Foundation; either version 1, or (at your option) any
later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.

 In other words, you are welcome to use, share and improve this program.
 You are forbidden to forbid anyone else to use, share and improve
 what you give them.   Help stamp out software-hoarding!  */

#ifdef EMACS
#define NO_SHORTNAMES
#include "../src/config.h"
#ifdef open
#undef open
#undef read
#undef write
#endif /* open */
#endif /* EMACS */

#ifndef EMACS
#include "config.h"
#endif /* not EMACS */

#ifndef CC_INCLUDE_DIR
#define CC_INCLUDE_DIR "/usr/include"
#endif

#ifndef STDC_VALUE
#define STDC_VALUE 1
#endif

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <errno.h>
#if HAVE_UNISTD_H
#include <unistd.h>
#endif
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include "obstack.h"
#include "cexp.h"
#include "cccp.h"
#if HAVE_FCNTL_H
#include <fcntl.h>
#endif
#if HAVE_MALLOC_H
#include <malloc.h>
#endif
#if HAVE_SYS_FILE_H
#include <sys/file.h>
#endif
#ifndef TM_IN_SYS_TIME
#include <time.h>
#else
#if HAVE_SYS_TIME_H
#include <sys/time.h>
#endif
#endif

/* Standard functions */
#if STDC_HEADERS
# include <string.h>
# ifdef HAVE_STRCHR
#  define index strchr
#  define rindex strrchr
# endif
# ifdef HAVE_MEMCPY
#  define bcopy(s,d,n) memcpy((d),(s),(n)) 
#  define bcmp(s1,s2,n) memcmp((s1),(s2),(n)) 
#  define bzero(d,n) memset((d),0,(n)) 
# endif
#endif

#ifndef O_RDONLY
#define O_RDONLY 0
#endif 

#define max(a,b) ((a) > (b) ? (a) : (b))

#ifndef S_ISREG
#define S_ISREG(m) (((m) & S_IFMT) == S_IFREG)
#endif

/* External declarations.  */

extern char *getenv ();
extern char *version_string;

/* Forward declarations.  */

struct directive;
struct file_buf;
struct arglist;
struct argdata;


#ifndef FATAL_EXIT_CODE
#define FATAL_EXIT_CODE 33    /* gnu cc command understands this */
#endif

#ifndef SUCCESS_EXIT_CODE
#define SUCCESS_EXIT_CODE 0   /* 0 means success on Unix.  */
#endif

/* Name under which this program was invoked.  */

char *progname;

/* Nonzero means handle C++ comment syntax and use
   extra default include directories for C++.  */

int cplusplus = 0;

/* Current maximum length of directory names in the search path
   for include files.  (Altered as we get more of them.)  */

int max_include_len;

/* Nonzero means copy comments into the output file.  */

int put_out_comments = 0;

/* Nonzero means don't process the ANSI trigraph sequences.  */

int no_trigraphs = 0;

/* Nonzero means print the names of included files rather than
   the preprocessed output.  1 means just the #include "...",
   2 means #include <...> as well.  */

int print_deps = 0;
int eli_deps = 0;

/* Nonzero means don't output line number information.  */

int no_line_commands = 0;

/* Nonzero means inhibit output of the preprocessed text
   and instead output the definitions of all user-defined macros
   in a form suitable for use as input to cccp.  */

int dump_macros = 0;

/* Nonzero means give all the error messages the ANSI standard requires.  */

int pedantic = 0;

/* Nonzero means don't print warning messages.  -w.  */

int inhibit_warnings = 0;

/* Nonzero means warn if slash-star appears in a comment.  */

int warn_comments = 0;

/* Nonzero means warn if there are any trigraphs.  */

int warn_trigraphs = 0;

/* Nonzero means try to imitate old fashioned non-ANSI preprocessor.  */

int traditional = 1;

/* Nonzero causes output not to be done,
   but directives such as #define that have side effects
   are still obeyed.  */

int no_output = 0;

/* I/O buffer structure.
   The `fname' field is nonzero for source files and #include files
   and for the dummy text used for -D and -U.
   It is zero for rescanning results of macro expansion
   and for expanding macro arguments.  */
#define INPUT_STACK_MAX 200
struct file_buf {
  char *fname;
  int lineno;
  int length;
  U_CHAR *buf;
  U_CHAR *bufp;
  /* Macro that this level is the expansion of.
     Included so that we can reenable the macro
     at the end of this level.  */
  struct hashnode *macro;
  /* Value of if_stack at start of this file.
     Used to prohibit unmatched #endif (etc) in an include file.  */
  struct if_stack *if_stack;
  /* Object to be freed at end of input at this level.  */
  U_CHAR *free_ptr;
} instack[INPUT_STACK_MAX];

/* Current nesting level of input sources.
   `instack[indepth]' is the level currently being read.  */
int indepth = -1;
#define CHECK_DEPTH(code) \
  if (indepth >= (INPUT_STACK_MAX - 1))                           \
    {                                                 \
      error_with_line (line_for_error (instack[indepth].lineno),  \
                   "macro or #include recursion too deep",0,0,0); \
      code;                                           \
    }

/* Current depth in #include directives that use <...>.  */
int system_include_depth = 0;

typedef struct file_buf FILE_BUF;

/* The output buffer.  Its LENGTH field is the amount of room allocated
   for the buffer, not the number of chars actually present.  To get
   that, subtract outbuf.buf from outbuf.bufp. */

#define OUTBUF_SIZE 10  /* initial size of output buffer */
FILE_BUF outbuf;

/* Grow output buffer OBUF points at
   so it can hold at least NEEDED more chars.  */

#define check_expand(OBUF, NEEDED)  \
  if ((OBUF)->length - ((OBUF)->bufp - (OBUF)->buf) <= (NEEDED)) \
    grow_outbuf ((OBUF), (NEEDED))

struct file_name_list
  {
    struct file_name_list *next;
    char *fname;
  };

/* #include "file" looks in source file dir, then stack. */
/* #include <file> just looks in the stack. */
/* -I directories are added to the end, then the defaults are added. */
struct file_name_list include_defaults[] =
  {
    { &include_defaults[1], GCC_INCLUDE_DIR },
    { &include_defaults[2], CC_INCLUDE_DIR },
    { 0, "/usr/local/include" }
  };

/* These are used instead of the above, for C++.  */
struct file_name_list cplusplus_include_defaults[] =
  {
    /* Pick up GNU C++ specific include files.  */
    { &cplusplus_include_defaults[1], GPLUSPLUS_INCLUDE_DIR },
    /* Use GNU CC specific header files.  */
    { &cplusplus_include_defaults[2], GCC_INCLUDE_DIR },
    { 0, CC_INCLUDE_DIR }
  };

struct file_name_list *include = 0; /* First dir to search */
      /* First dir to search for <file> */
struct file_name_list *first_bracket_include = 0;
struct file_name_list *last_include = 0;  /* Last in chain */

/* List of included files that contained #once.  */
struct file_name_list *dont_repeat_files = 0;

/* List of other included files.  */
struct file_name_list *all_include_files = 0;

/* Some definitions for the hash table.  The hash function MUST be
   computed as shown in hashf () below.  That is because the rescan
   loop computes the hash value `on the fly' for most tokens,
   in order to avoid the overhead of a lot of procedure calls to
   the hashf () function.  Hashf () only exists for the sake of
   politeness, for use when speed isn't so important. */

#define HASHSIZE 1403
HASHNODE *hashtab[HASHSIZE];
#define HASHSTEP(old, c) ((old << 2) + c)
#define MAKE_POS(v) (v & ~0x80000000) /* make number positive */

/* Symbols to predefine.  */

#ifdef CPP_PREDEFINES
char *predefs = CPP_PREDEFINES;
#else
char *predefs = "";
#endif

/* `struct directive' defines one #-directive, including how to handle it.  */

struct directive {
  int length;                 /* Length of name */
                        /* Function to handle directive */
#if PROTO_OK
  int (*func)(U_CHAR *, U_CHAR *, FILE_BUF *, struct directive *);
#else
  int (*func)();
#endif
  char *name;                 /* Name of directive */
  enum node_type type;        /* Code which describes which directive. */
  char angle_brackets;        /* Nonzero => <...> is special.  */
  char traditional_comments;  /* Nonzero: keep comments if -traditional.  */
  char pass_thru;       /* Copy preprocessed directive to output file.  */
};

/* Here is the actual list of #-directives, most-often-used first.  */

#if PROTO_OK
int do_define(U_CHAR *, U_CHAR *, FILE_BUF *, struct directive *);
int do_if(U_CHAR *, U_CHAR *, FILE_BUF *, struct directive *);
int do_xifdef(U_CHAR *, U_CHAR *, FILE_BUF *, struct directive *);
int do_endif(U_CHAR *, U_CHAR *, FILE_BUF *, struct directive *);
int do_else(U_CHAR *, U_CHAR *, FILE_BUF *, struct directive *);
int do_elif(U_CHAR *, U_CHAR *, FILE_BUF *, struct directive *);
int do_line(U_CHAR *, U_CHAR *, FILE_BUF *, struct directive *);
int do_include(U_CHAR *, U_CHAR *, FILE_BUF *, struct directive *);
int do_undef(U_CHAR *, U_CHAR *, FILE_BUF *, struct directive *);
int do_error(U_CHAR *, U_CHAR *, FILE_BUF *, struct directive *);
#ifdef SCCS_DIRECTIVE
int do_sccs(U_CHAR *, U_CHAR *, FILE_BUF *, struct directive *);
#endif
int do_pragma(U_CHAR *, U_CHAR *, FILE_BUF *, struct directive *);
#else
int do_elif();
int do_if();
int do_xifdef();
int do_else();
int do_endif();
int do_include();
int do_define();
int do_line();
int do_undef();
int do_error();
#ifdef SCCS_DIRECTIVE
int do_sccs();
#endif
int do_pragma();
#endif

struct directive directive_table[] = {
  {  6, do_define, "define", T_DEFINE, 0, 1},
  {  2, do_if, "if", T_IF},
  {  5, do_xifdef, "ifdef", T_IFDEF},
  {  6, do_xifdef, "ifndef", T_IFNDEF},
  {  5, do_endif, "endif", T_ENDIF},
  {  4, do_else, "else", T_ELSE},
  {  4, do_elif, "elif", T_ELIF},
  {  4, do_line, "line", T_LINE},
  {  7, do_include, "include", T_INCLUDE, 1},
  {  5, do_undef, "undef", T_UNDEF},
  {  5, do_error, "error", T_ERROR},
#ifdef SCCS_DIRECTIVE
  {  4, do_sccs, "sccs", T_SCCS},
#endif
  {  6, do_pragma, "pragma", T_PRAGMA, 0, 0, 1},
  {  -1, 0, "", T_UNUSED},
};

/* table to tell if char can be part of a C identifier. */
U_CHAR is_idchar[256];
/* table to tell if char can be first char of a c identifier. */
U_CHAR is_idstart[256];
/* table to tell if c is horizontal space.  */
U_CHAR is_hor_space[256];
/* table to tell if c is horizontal or vertical space.  */
U_CHAR is_space[256];

#define SKIP_WHITE_SPACE(p) do { while (is_hor_space[*p]) p++; } while (0)
#define SKIP_ALL_WHITE_SPACE(p) do { while (is_space[*p]) p++; } while (0)
  
int errors = 0;               /* Error counter for exit code */

/* Zero means dollar signs are punctuation.
   -$ stores 0; -traditional, stores 1.  Default is 0.
   This must be 0 for correct processing of this ANSI C program:
      #define foo(a) #a
      #define lose(b) foo(b)
      #define test$
      lose(test)  */
#ifndef DOLLARS_IN_IDENTIFIERS
#define DOLLARS_IN_IDENTIFIERS 0
#endif
int dollars_in_ident = DOLLARS_IN_IDENTIFIERS;

/* Stack of conditionals currently in progress
   (including both successful and failing conditionals).  */

struct if_stack {
  struct if_stack *next;      /* for chaining to the next stack frame */
  char *fname;          /* copied from input when frame is made */
  int lineno;                 /* similarly */
  int if_succeeded;           /* true if a leg of this if-group
                            has been passed through rescan */
  enum node_type type;        /* type of last directive seen in this group */
};
typedef struct if_stack IF_STACK_FRAME;
IF_STACK_FRAME *if_stack = NULL;

/* Buffer of -M output.  */

char *deps_buffer;

/* Number of bytes allocated in above.  */
int deps_allocated_size;

/* Number of bytes used.  */
int deps_size;

/* Number of bytes since the last newline.  */
int deps_column;

/* Nonzero means -I- has been seen,
   so don't look for #include "foo" the source-file directory.  */
int ignore_srcdir;

#if PROTO_OK
void rescan(FILE_BUF *op, int output_marks);
#else
void rescan();
#endif


void
#if PROTO_OK
fatal(char *str, char *arg)
#else
fatal (str, arg)
     char *str, *arg;
#endif
{
  fprintf (stderr, "%s: ", progname);
  fprintf (stderr, str, arg);
  fprintf (stderr, "\n");
  exit (FATAL_EXIT_CODE);
}

/* More 'friendly' abort that prints the line and file.
   config.h can #define abort fancy_abort if you like that sort of thing.  */

void
fancy_abort ()
{ fatal ("Internal gcc abort.", ""); }

void
#if PROTO_OK
perror_with_name(char *name)
#else
perror_with_name (name)
     char *name;
#endif
{
  fprintf (stderr, "%s: ", progname);
  perror(name);
}

void
#if PROTO_OK
pfatal_with_name(char *name)
#else
pfatal_with_name (name)
     char *name;
#endif
{
  perror_with_name (name);
  exit (FATAL_EXIT_CODE);
}

void
memory_full ()
{ fatal ("Memory exhausted.", ""); }


char *
#if PROTO_OK
xmalloc(int size)
#else
xmalloc (size)
     int size;
#endif
{
  register char *ptr = (char *)malloc (size);
  if (ptr == 0) memory_full ();
  return (ptr);
}

char *
#if PROTO_OK
xrealloc(char *old, int size)
#else
xrealloc (old, size)
char *old; int size;
#endif
{
  register char *ptr = (char *)realloc (old, size);
  if (ptr == 0) memory_full ();
  return (ptr);
}

char *
#if PROTO_OK
xcalloc(int number, int size)
#else
xcalloc (number, size)
     int number, size;
#endif
{
  register int total = number * size;
  register char *ptr = (char *)malloc (total);
  if (ptr == 0) memory_full ();
  if (total > 100)
    bzero (ptr, total);
  else {
    /* It's not too long, so loop, zeroing by longs.
       It must be safe because malloc values are always well aligned.*/
    register long *zp = (long *) ptr;
    register long *zl = (long *) (ptr + total - 4);
    register int i = total - 4;
    while (zp < zl)
      *zp++ = 0;
    if (i < 0)
      i = 0;
    while (i < total)
      ptr[i++] = 0;
  }
  return ptr;
}

char *
#if PROTO_OK
savestring(char *input)
#else
savestring (input)
     char *input;
#endif
{
  int size = strlen (input);
  char *output = xmalloc (size + 1);
  strcpy (output, input);
  return output;
}

/*
 * error - print error message and increment count of errors.
 */
static int
#if PROTO_OK
error(char *msg, char *arg1, char *arg2, char *arg3)
#else
error (msg, arg1, arg2, arg3)
char *msg, arg1, arg2, arg3;
#endif
{
  int i;
  FILE_BUF *ip = NULL;

  for (i = indepth; i >= 0; i--)
    if (instack[i].fname != NULL) {
      ip = &instack[i];
      break;
    }

  if (ip != NULL)
    fprintf (stderr, "%s:%d: ", ip->fname, ip->lineno);
  fprintf (stderr, msg, arg1, arg2, arg3);
  fprintf (stderr, "\n");
  errors++;
  return 0;
}

/* Error including a message from `errno'.  */
int
#if PROTO_OK
error_from_errno(char *name)
#else
error_from_errno (name)
     char *name;
#endif
{
  int i;
  FILE_BUF *ip = NULL;

  for (i = indepth; i >= 0; i--)
    if (instack[i].fname != NULL) {
      ip = &instack[i];
      break;
    }

  if (ip != NULL)
    fprintf (stderr, "%s:%d: ", ip->fname, ip->lineno);

  perror(name);

  errors++;
  return 0;
}

/* Print error message but don't count it.  */
static int
#if PROTO_OK
warning(char *msg, char *arg1, char *arg2, char *arg3)
#else
warning (msg, arg1, arg2, arg3)
char *msg, arg1, arg2, arg3;
#endif
{
  int i;
  FILE_BUF *ip = NULL;

  if (inhibit_warnings)
    return 0;

  for (i = indepth; i >= 0; i--)
    if (instack[i].fname != NULL) {
      ip = &instack[i];
      break;
    }

  if (ip != NULL)
    fprintf (stderr, "%s:%d: ", ip->fname, ip->lineno);
  fprintf (stderr, "warning: ");
  fprintf (stderr, msg, arg1, arg2, arg3);
  fprintf (stderr, "\n");
  return 0;
}

int
#if PROTO_OK
error_with_line(int line, char *msg, char *arg1, char *arg2, char *arg3)
#else
error_with_line (line, msg, arg1, arg2, arg3)
int line; char *msg, arg1, arg2, arg3;
#endif
{
  int i;
  FILE_BUF *ip = NULL;

  for (i = indepth; i >= 0; i--)
    if (instack[i].fname != NULL) {
      ip = &instack[i];
      break;
    }

  if (ip != NULL)
    fprintf (stderr, "%s:%d: ", ip->fname, line);
  fprintf (stderr, msg, arg1, arg2, arg3);
  fprintf (stderr, "\n");
  errors++;
  return 0;
}

/* Return the line at which an error occurred.
   The error is not necessarily associated with the current spot
   in the input stack, so LINE says where.  LINE will have been
   copied from ip->lineno for the current input level.
   If the current level is for a file, we return LINE.
   But if the current level is not for a file, LINE is meaningless.
   In that case, we return the lineno of the innermost file.  */
int
#if PROTO_OK
line_for_error(int line)
#else
line_for_error (line)
     int line;
#endif
{
  int i;
  int line1 = line;

  for (i = indepth; i >= 0; ) {
    if (instack[i].fname != 0) return line1;
    i--;
    if (i >= 0) line1 = instack[i].lineno;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
 * If OBUF doesn't have NEEDED bytes after OPTR, make it bigger.
 *
 * As things stand, nothing is ever placed in the output buffer to be
 * removed again except when it's KNOWN to be part of an identifier,
 * so flushing and moving down everything left, instead of expanding,
 * should work ok.
 */

void
#if PROTO_OK
grow_outbuf(register FILE_BUF *obuf, register int needed)
#else
grow_outbuf (obuf, needed)
register FILE_BUF *obuf; register int needed;
#endif
{
  register U_CHAR *p;
  int minsize;

  if (obuf->length - (obuf->bufp - obuf->buf) > needed)
    return;

  /* Make it at least twice as big as it is now.  */
  obuf->length *= 2;
  /* Make it have at least 150% of the free space we will need.  */
  minsize = (3 * needed) / 2 + (obuf->bufp - obuf->buf);
  if (minsize > obuf->length)
    obuf->length = minsize;

  if ((p = (U_CHAR *) xrealloc (obuf->buf, obuf->length)) == NULL)
    memory_full ();

  obuf->bufp = p + (obuf->bufp - obuf->buf);
  obuf->buf = p;
}

/* Move all backslash-newline pairs out of embarrassing places.
   Exchange all such pairs following BP
   with any potentially-embarrasing characters that follow them.
   Potentially-embarrassing characters are / and *
   (because a backslash-newline inside a comment delimiter
   would cause it not to be recognized).  */

void
#if PROTO_OK
newline_fix(U_CHAR *bp)
#else
newline_fix (bp)
     U_CHAR *bp;
#endif
{
  register U_CHAR *p = bp;
  register int count = 0;

  /* First count the backslash-newline pairs here.  */

  while (*p++ == '\\' && *p++ == '\n')
    count++;

  p = bp + count * 2;

  /* Exit if what follows the backslash-newlines is not embarrassing.  */

  if (count == 0 || (*p != '/' && *p != '*'))
    return;

  /* Copy all potentially embarrassing characters
     that follow the backslash-newline pairs
     down to where the pairs originally started.  */

  while (*p == '*' || *p == '/')
    *bp++ = *p++;

  /* Now write the same number of pairs after the embarrassing chars.  */
  while (count-- > 0) {
    *bp++ = '\\';
    *bp++ = '\n';
  }
}

/* Like newline_fix but for use within a directive-name.
   Move any backslash-newlines up past any following symbol constituents.  */

void
#if PROTO_OK
name_newline_fix(U_CHAR *bp)
#else
name_newline_fix (bp)
     U_CHAR *bp;
#endif
{
  register U_CHAR *p = bp;
  register int count = 0;

  /* First count the backslash-newline pairs here.  */

  while (*p++ == '\\' && *p++ == '\n')
    count++;

  p = bp + count * 2;

  /* What follows the backslash-newlines is not embarrassing.  */

  if (count == 0 || !is_idchar[*p])
    return;

  /* Copy all potentially embarrassing characters
     that follow the backslash-newline pairs
     down to where the pairs originally started.  */

  while (is_idchar[*p])
    *bp++ = *p++;

  /* Now write the same number of pairs after the embarrassing chars.  */
  while (count-- > 0) {
    *bp++ = '\\';
    *bp++ = '\n';
  }
}

/*
 * Skip a comment, assuming the input ptr immediately follows the
 * initial slash-star.  Bump line counter as necessary.
 * (The canonical line counter is &ip->lineno).
 * Don't use this routine (or the next one) if bumping the line
 * counter is not sufficient to deal with newlines in the string.
 */
U_CHAR *
#if PROTO_OK
skip_to_end_of_comment(register FILE_BUF *ip, int *line_counter)
#else
skip_to_end_of_comment (ip, line_counter)
register FILE_BUF *ip; int *line_counter; /* place to remember newlines, or NULL */
#endif
{
  register U_CHAR *limit = ip->buf + ip->length;
  register U_CHAR *bp = ip->bufp;
  FILE_BUF *op = &outbuf;     /* JF */
  int output = put_out_comments && !line_counter;

      /* JF this line_counter stuff is a crock to make sure the
         comment is only put out once, no matter how many times
         the comment is skipped.  It almost works */
  if (output) {
    *op->bufp++ = '/';
    *op->bufp++ = '*';
  }
  if (cplusplus && bp[-1] == '/') {
    if (output) {
      while (bp < limit)
      if ((*op->bufp++ = *bp++) == '\n') {
        bp--;
        break;
      }
      op->bufp[-1] = '*';
      *op->bufp++ = '/';
      *op->bufp++ = '\n';
    } else {
      while (bp < limit) {
      if (*bp++ == '\n') {
        bp--;
        break;
      }
      }
    }
    ip->bufp = bp;
    return bp;
  }
  while (bp < limit) {
    if (output)
      *op->bufp++ = *bp;
    switch (*bp++) {
    case '/':
      if (warn_comments && bp < limit && *bp == '*')
      warning("`/*' within comment", 0, 0, 0);
      break;
    case '\n':
      if (line_counter != NULL)
      ++*line_counter;
      if (output)
      ++op->lineno;
      break;
    case '*':
      if (*bp == '\\' && bp[1] == '\n')
      newline_fix (bp);
      if (*bp == '/') {
        if (output)
        *op->bufp++ = '/';
      ip->bufp = ++bp;
      return bp;
      }
      break;
    }
  }
  ip->bufp = bp;
  return bp;
}

/*
 * Skip over a quoted string.  BP points to the opening quote.
 * Returns a pointer after the closing quote.  Don't go past LIMIT.
 * START_LINE is the line number of the starting point (but it need
 * not be valid if the starting point is inside a macro expansion).
 *
 * The input stack state is not changed.
 *
 * If COUNT_NEWLINES is nonzero, it points to an int to increment
 * for each newline passed.
 *
 * If BACKSLASH_NEWLINES_P is nonzero, store 1 thru it
 * if we pass a backslash-newline.
 *
 * If EOFP is nonzero, set *EOFP to 1 if the string is unterminated.
 */
U_CHAR *
#if PROTO_OK
skip_quoted_string(register U_CHAR *bp, register U_CHAR *limit,
  int start_line, int *count_newlines, int *backslash_newlines_p,
  int *eofp)
#else
skip_quoted_string (bp, limit, start_line, count_newlines, backslash_newlines_p, eofp)
register U_CHAR *bp, *limit; int start_line, *count_newlines, *backslash_newlines_p, *eofp;
#endif
{
  register U_CHAR c, match;

  match = *bp++;
  while (1) {
    if (bp >= limit) {
      error_with_line (line_for_error (start_line),
                   "unterminated string or character constant",0,0,0);
      if (eofp)
      *eofp = 1;
      break;
    }
    c = *bp++;
    if (c == '\\') {
      while (*bp == '\\' && bp[1] == '\n') {
      if (backslash_newlines_p)
        *backslash_newlines_p = 1;
      if (count_newlines)
        ++*count_newlines;
      bp += 2;
      }
      if (*bp == '\n' && count_newlines) {
      if (backslash_newlines_p)
        *backslash_newlines_p = 1;
      ++*count_newlines;
      }
      bp++;
    } else if (c == '\n') {
      if (traditional) {
      /* Unterminated strings and character constants are 'legal'.  */
      bp--; /* Don't consume the newline. */
      if (eofp)
        *eofp = 1;
      break;
      }
      if (match == '\'') {
      error_with_line (line_for_error (start_line),
                   "unterminated character constant",0,0,0);
      bp--;
      if (eofp)
        *eofp = 1;
      break;
      }
      if (traditional) {      /* Unterminated strings are 'legal'.  */
      if (eofp)
        *eofp = 1;
      break;
      }
      /* If not traditional, then allow newlines inside strings.  */
      if (count_newlines)
      ++*count_newlines;
    } else if (c == match)
      break;
  }
  return bp;
}

/* Symbol table for macro names and special symbols */

/*
 * return hash function on name.  must be compatible with the one
 * computed a step at a time, elsewhere
 */
int
#if PROTO_OK
hashf(register U_CHAR *name, register int len, int hashsize)
#else
hashf (name, len, hashsize)
register U_CHAR *name; register int len; int hashsize;
#endif
{
  register int r = 0;

  while (len--)
    r = HASHSTEP (r, *name++);

  return MAKE_POS (r) % hashsize;
}

/*
 * install a name in the main hash table, even if it is already there.
 *   name stops with first non alphanumeric, except leading '#'.
 * caller must check against redefinition if that is desired.
 * delete_macro () removes things installed by install () in fifo order.
 * this is important because of the `defined' special symbol used
 * in #if, and also if pushdef/popdef directives are ever implemented.
 *
 * If LEN is >= 0, it is the length of the name.
 * Otherwise, compute the length by scanning the entire name.
 *
 * If HASH is >= 0, it is the precomputed hash code.
 * Otherwise, compute the hash code.
 */
HASHNODE *
#if PROTO_OK
install(U_CHAR *name, int len, enum node_type type, int hash, int ivalue,
  char *cpvalue, DEFINITION *defntion, char *present)
#else
install (name, len, type, hash, ivalue, cpvalue, defntion, present)
     U_CHAR *name;
     int len;
     enum node_type type;
     int ivalue;
     char *cpvalue;
     DEFINITION *defntion;
     int hash;
     char *present;
#endif
        /* watch out here if sizeof (U_CHAR *) != sizeof (int) */
{
  register HASHNODE *hp;
  register int i, bucket;
  register U_CHAR *p, *q;

  if (len < 0) {
    p = name;
    while (is_idchar[*p])
      p++;
    len = p - name;
  }

  if (hash < 0)
    hash = hashf (name, len, HASHSIZE);

  i = sizeof (HASHNODE) + len + 1;
  hp = (HASHNODE *) xmalloc (i);
  bucket = hash;
  hp->bucket_hdr = &hashtab[bucket];
  hp->next = hashtab[bucket];
  hashtab[bucket] = hp;
  hp->prev = NULL;
  if (hp->next != NULL)
    hp->next->prev = hp;
  hp->type = type;
  hp->length = len;
  switch (*present) {

  case 'i':
      hp->value.ival = ivalue;
      break;
  case 'c':
      hp->value.cpval = cpvalue;
      break;
  case 'd':
      hp->value.defn = defntion;
      break;
  default:
      hp->value.ival = ivalue;
  }
  hp->name = ((U_CHAR *) hp) + sizeof (HASHNODE);
  p = hp->name;
  q = name;
  for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
    *p++ = *q++;
  hp->name[len] = 0;
  return hp;
}

/*
 * find the most recent hash node for name name (ending with first
 * non-identifier char) installed by install
 *
 * If LEN is >= 0, it is the length of the name.
 * Otherwise, compute the length by scanning the entire name.
 *
 * If HASH is >= 0, it is the precomputed hash code.
 * Otherwise, compute the hash code.
 */
HASHNODE *
#if PROTO_OK
lookup(U_CHAR *name, int len, int hash)
#else
lookup (name, len, hash)
U_CHAR *name; int len; int hash;
#endif
{
  register U_CHAR *bp;
  register HASHNODE *bucket;

  if (len < 0) {
    for (bp = name; is_idchar[*bp]; bp++) ;
    len = bp - name;
  }

  if (hash < 0)
    hash = hashf (name, len, HASHSIZE);

  bucket = hashtab[hash];
  while (bucket) {
    if (bucket->length == len && strncmp (bucket->name, name, len) == 0)
      return bucket;
    bucket = bucket->next;
  }
  return NULL;
}

/*
 * Delete a hash node.  Some weirdness to free junk from macros.
 * More such weirdness will have to be added if you define more hash
 * types that need it.
 */

/* Note that the DEFINITION of a macro is removed from the hash table
   but its storage is not freed.  This would be a storage leak
   except that it is not reasonable to keep undefining and redefining
   large numbers of macros many times.
   In any case, this is necessary, because a macro can be #undef'd
   in the middle of reading the arguments to a call to it.
   If #undef freed the DEFINITION, that would crash.  */

void
#if PROTO_OK
delete_macro(HASHNODE *hp)
#else
delete_macro (hp)
     HASHNODE *hp;
#endif
{

  if (hp->prev != NULL)
    hp->prev->next = hp->next;
  if (hp->next != NULL)
    hp->next->prev = hp->prev;

  /* make sure that the bucket chain header that
     the deleted guy was on points to the right thing afterwards. */
  if (hp == *hp->bucket_hdr)
    *hp->bucket_hdr = hp->next;

#if 0
  if (hp->type == T_MACRO) {
    DEFINITION *d = hp->value.defn;
    struct reflist *ap, *nextap;

    for (ap = d->pattern; ap != NULL; ap = nextap) {
      nextap = ap->next;
      free (ap);
    }
    free (d);
  }
#endif
  free (hp);
}

/* Output to stdout a substring of a macro definition.
   BASE is the beginning of the definition.
   Output characters START thru LENGTH.
   Discard newlines outside of strings, thus
   converting funny-space markers to ordinary spaces.  */
void
#if PROTO_OK
dump_defn_1(U_CHAR *base, int start, int length)
#else
dump_defn_1 (base, start, length)
U_CHAR *base; int start; int length;
#endif
{
  U_CHAR *p = base + start;
  U_CHAR *limit = base + start + length;

  while (p < limit) {
    if (*p != '\n')
      putchar (*p);
    else if (*p == '\"' || *p =='\'') {
      U_CHAR *p1 = skip_quoted_string (p, limit, 0, 0, 0, 0);
      fwrite (p, p1 - p, 1, stdout);
      p = p1 - 1;
    }
    p++;
  }
}

/* Print the name of argument number ARGNUM of macro definition DEFN.
   Recall that DEFN->argnames contains all the arg names
   concatenated in reverse order with comma-space in between.  */

void
#if PROTO_OK
dump_arg_n(DEFINITION *defn, int argnum)
#else
dump_arg_n (defn, argnum)
DEFINITION *defn; int argnum;
#endif
{
  register U_CHAR *p = defn->argnames;
  while (argnum + 1 < defn->nargs) {
    p = (U_CHAR *) index (p, ' ') + 1;
    argnum++;
  }

  while (*p && *p != ',') {
    putchar (*p);
    p++;
  }
}

/* Dump all macro definitions as #defines to stdout.  */

void
dump_all_macros ()
{
  int bucket;

  for (bucket = 0; bucket < HASHSIZE; bucket++) {
    register HASHNODE *hp;

    for (hp = hashtab[bucket]; hp; hp= hp->next) {
      if (hp->type == T_MACRO) {
      register DEFINITION *defn = hp->value.defn;
      struct reflist *ap;
      int offset;
      int concat;


      /* Print the definition of the macro HP.  */

      printf ("#define %s", hp->name);
      if (defn->nargs >= 0) {
        int i;

        printf ("(");
        for (i = 0; i < defn->nargs; i++) {
          dump_arg_n (defn, i);
          if (i + 1 < defn->nargs)
            printf (", ");
        }
        printf (")");
      }

      printf (" ");

      offset = 0;
      concat = 0;
      for (ap = defn->pattern; ap != NULL; ap = ap->next) {
        dump_defn_1 (defn->expansion, offset, ap->nchars);
        if (ap->nchars != 0)
          concat = 0;
        offset += ap->nchars;
        if (ap->stringify)
          printf (" #");
        if (ap->raw_before && !concat)
          printf (" ## ");
        concat = 0;
        dump_arg_n (defn, ap->argno);
        if (ap->raw_after) {
          printf (" ## ");
          concat = 1;
        }
      }
      dump_defn_1 (defn->expansion, offset, defn->length - offset);
      printf ("\n");
      }
    }
  }
}

/* Initialize syntactic classifications of characters.  */
void
initialize_char_syntax ()
{
  register int i;

  /*
   * Set up is_idchar and is_idstart tables.  These should be
   * faster than saying (is_alpha (c) || c == '_'), etc.
   * Must do set up these things before calling any routines tthat
   * refer to them.
   */
  for (i = 'a'; i <= 'z'; i++) {
    is_idchar[i - 'a' + 'A'] = 1;
    is_idchar[i] = 1;
    is_idstart[i - 'a' + 'A'] = 1;
    is_idstart[i] = 1;
  }
  for (i = '0'; i <= '9'; i++)
    is_idchar[i] = 1;
  is_idchar['_'] = 1;
  is_idstart['_'] = 1;
  is_idchar['$'] = dollars_in_ident;
  is_idstart['$'] = dollars_in_ident;

  /* horizontal space table */
  is_hor_space[' '] = 1;
  is_hor_space['\t'] = 1;
  is_hor_space['\v'] = 1;
  is_hor_space['\f'] = 1;
  is_hor_space['\r'] = 1;

  is_space[' '] = 1;
  is_space['\t'] = 1;
  is_space['\v'] = 1;
  is_space['\f'] = 1;
  is_space['\n'] = 1;
  is_space['\r'] = 1;
}

/* Initialize the built-in macros.  */
void
initialize_builtins ()
{
  char *cpvalue;
  DEFINITION *defn;
  install ("__LINE__", -1, T_SPECLINE, -1, 0, cpvalue, defn, "i");
  install ("__DATE__", -1, T_DATE, -1, 0, cpvalue, defn, "i");
  install ("__FILE__", -1, T_FILE, -1, 0, cpvalue, defn, "i");
  install ("__BASE_FILE__", -1, T_BASE_FILE, -1, 0, cpvalue, defn, "i");
  install ("__INCLUDE_LEVEL__", -1, T_INCLUDE_LEVEL, -1, 0, cpvalue, defn, "i");
  install ("__VERSION__", -1, T_VERSION, -1, 0, cpvalue, defn, "i");
  install ("__TIME__", -1, T_TIME, -1, 0, cpvalue, defn, "i");
  if (!traditional)
    install ("__STDC__", -1, T_CONST,  -1, STDC_VALUE, cpvalue, defn, "i");
/*  install ("__GNU__", -1, T_CONST, -1, 1, defn, "i");  */
/*  This is supplied using a -D by the compiler driver
    so that it is present only when truly compiling with GNU C.  */
}

/* Handler for SIGPIPE.  */

static RETSIGTYPE
#if PROTO_OK
pipe_closed(int i)
#else
pipe_closed(i)
int i;
#endif
{ fatal ("output pipe has been closed", ""); }

enum file_change_code {same_file, enter_file, leave_file};
struct obstack obstck;


/* Pre-C-Preprocessor to translate ANSI trigraph idiocy in BUF
   before main CCCP processing.  Name `pcp' is also in honor of the
   drugs the trigraph designers must have been on.

   Using an extra pass through the buffer takes a little extra time,
   but is infinitely less hairy than trying to handle ??/" inside
   strings, etc. everywhere, and also makes sure that trigraphs are
   only translated in the top level of processing. */

void
#if PROTO_OK
trigraph_pcp(FILE_BUF *buf)
#else
trigraph_pcp (buf)
     FILE_BUF *buf;
#endif
{
  register U_CHAR c, *fptr, *bptr, *sptr;
  int len;

  fptr = bptr = sptr = buf->buf;
  while ((sptr = (U_CHAR *) index (sptr, '?')) != NULL) {
    if (*++sptr != '?')
      continue;
    switch (*++sptr) {
      case '=':
      c = '#';
      break;
    case '(':
      c = '[';
      break;
    case '/':
      c = '\\';
      break;
    case ')':
      c = ']';
      break;
    case '\'':
      c = '^';
      break;
    case '<':
      c = '{';
      break;
    case '!':
      c = '|';
      break;
    case '>':
      c = '}';
      break;
    case '-':
      c  = '~';
      break;
    case '?':
      sptr--;
      continue;
    default:
      continue;
    }
    len = sptr - fptr - 2;
    if (bptr != fptr && len > 0)
      bcopy (fptr, bptr, len);      /* BSD doc says bcopy () works right
                           for overlapping strings.  In ANSI
                           C, this will be memmove (). */
    bptr += len;
    *bptr++ = c;
    fptr = ++sptr;
  }
  len = buf->length - (fptr - buf->buf);
  if (bptr != fptr && len > 0)
    bcopy (fptr, bptr, len);
  buf->length -= fptr - bptr;
  buf->buf[buf->length] = '\0';
  if (warn_trigraphs && fptr != bptr) {
    char buf[10];
    (void)sprintf(buf, "%ld", (long)((fptr - bptr) / 2));
    warning ("%s trigraph(s) encountered", buf, 0, 0);
  }
}

/*
 * Process a # directive.  Expects IP->bufp to point to the '#', as in
 * `#define foo bar'.  Passes to the command handler
 * (do_define, do_include, etc.): the addresses of the 1st and
 * last chars of the command (starting immediately after the #
 * keyword), plus op and the keyword table pointer.  If the command
 * contains comments it is copied into a temporary buffer sans comments
 * and the temporary buffer is passed to the command handler instead.
 * Likewise for backslash-newlines.
 *
 * Returns nonzero if this was a known # directive.
 * Otherwise, returns zero, without advancing the input pointer.
 */

int
#if PROTO_OK
handle_directive(FILE_BUF *ip, FILE_BUF *op)
#else
handle_directive (ip, op)
     FILE_BUF *ip, *op;
#endif
{
  register U_CHAR *bp, *cp;
  register struct directive *kt;
  register int ident_length;
  U_CHAR *resume_p;

  char *mark = (char *)obstack_alloc (&obstck,0);

  /* Nonzero means we must copy the entire command
     to get rid of comments or backslash-newlines.  */
  int copy_command = 0;

  U_CHAR *ident, *after_ident;

  bp = ip->bufp;
  /* Skip whitespace and \-newline.  */
  while (1) {
    if (is_hor_space[*bp])
      bp++;
    else if (*bp == '/' && (newline_fix (bp + 1), bp[1]) == '*') {
      ip->bufp = bp;
      skip_to_end_of_comment (ip, &ip->lineno);
      bp = ip->bufp;
    } else if (*bp == '\\' && bp[1] == '\n') {
      bp += 2; ip->lineno++;
    } else break;
  }

  /* Now find end of directive name.
     If we encounter a backslash-newline, exchange it with any following
     symbol-constituents so that we end up with a contiguous name.  */

  cp = bp;
  while (1) {
    if (is_idchar[*cp])
      cp++;
    else {
      if (*cp == '\\' && cp[1] == '\n')
      name_newline_fix (cp);
      if (is_idchar[*cp])
      cp++;
      else break;
    }
  }
  ident_length = cp - bp;
  ident = bp;
  after_ident = cp;

  /* A line of just `#' becomes blank.  */

  if (ident_length == 0 && *after_ident == '\n') {
    ip->bufp = after_ident;

    return 1;
  }

  /*
   * Decode the keyword and call the appropriate expansion
   * routine, after moving the input pointer up to the next line.
   */
  for (kt = directive_table; kt->length > 0; kt++) {
    if (kt->length == ident_length && !strncmp (
kt->name,
 ident,
 ident_length)) {
      register U_CHAR *buf;
      register U_CHAR *limit = ip->buf + ip->length;
      int unterminated = 0;

      /* Nonzero means do not delete comments within the directive.
       #define needs this when -traditional.  */
      int keep_comments = traditional && kt->traditional_comments;

      /* Find the end of this command (first newline not backslashed
       and not in a string or comment).
       Set COPY_COMMAND if the command must be copied
       (it contains a backslash-newline or a comment).  */

      buf = bp = after_ident;
      while (bp < limit) {
      register U_CHAR c = *bp++;
      switch (c) {
      case '\\':
        if (bp < limit) {
          if (*bp == '\n') {
            ip->lineno++;
            copy_command = 1;
          }
          bp++;
        }
        break;

      case '\'':
      case '\"':
        bp = skip_quoted_string (bp - 1, limit, ip->lineno, &ip->lineno, &copy_command, &unterminated);
        /* Don't bother calling the directive if we already got an error
           message due to unterminated string.  Skip everything and pretend
           we called the directive.  */
        if (unterminated) {
          if (traditional) {
            /* Traditional preprocessing permits unterminated strings.  */
            ip->bufp = bp;
            goto endloop1;
          }
          ip->bufp = bp;
          return 1;
        }
        break;

        /* <...> is special for #include.  */
      case '<':
        if (!kt->angle_brackets)
          break;
        while (*bp && *bp != '>') bp++;
        break;

      case '/':
        if (*bp == '\\' && bp[1] == '\n')
          newline_fix (bp);
        if (*bp == '*'
            || (cplusplus && *bp == '/')) {
          U_CHAR *obp = bp - 1;
          ip->bufp = bp + 1;
          skip_to_end_of_comment (ip, &ip->lineno);
          bp = ip->bufp;
          /* No need to copy the command because of a comment at the end;
             just don't include the comment in the directive.  */
          if (bp == limit || *bp == '\n') {
            bp = obp;
            goto endloop1;
          }
          /* Don't remove the comments if -traditional.  */
          if (! keep_comments)
            copy_command++;
        }
        break;

      case '\n':
        --bp;           /* Point to the newline */
        ip->bufp = bp;

        goto endloop1;
      }
      }
      ip->bufp = bp;

    endloop1:
      resume_p = ip->bufp;
      /* BP is the end of the directive.
       RESUME_P is the next interesting data after the directive.
       A comment may come between.  */

      if (copy_command) {
      register U_CHAR *xp = buf;
      /* Need to copy entire command into temp buffer before dispatching */

      cp = (U_CHAR *) obstack_alloc (&obstck,(bp - buf + 5)); /* room for cmd plus
                                      some slop */
      buf = cp;

      /* Copy to the new buffer, deleting comments
         and backslash-newlines (and whitespace surrounding the latter).  */

      while (xp < bp) {
        register U_CHAR c = *xp++;

        *cp++ = c;

        switch (c) {
        case '\n':
          break;

          /* <...> is special for #include.  */
        case '<':
          if (!kt->angle_brackets)
            break;
          while (xp < bp && c != '>') {
            c = *xp++;
            if (c == '\\' && xp < bp && *xp == '\n')
            xp++, ip->lineno++;
            else
            *cp++ = c;
          }
          break;

        case '\\':
          if (*xp == '\n') {
            xp++;
            cp--;
            if (cp != buf && is_space[cp[-1]]) {
            while (cp != buf && is_space[cp[-1]]) cp--;
            cp++;
            SKIP_WHITE_SPACE (xp);
            } else if (is_space[*xp]) {
            *cp++ = *xp++;
            SKIP_WHITE_SPACE (xp);
            }
          }
          break;

        case '\'':
        case '\"':
          {
            register U_CHAR *bp1
            = skip_quoted_string (xp - 1, limit, ip->lineno, 0, 0, 0);
            while (xp != bp1)
            *cp++ = *xp++;
          }
          break;

        case '/':
          if (*xp == '*'
            || (cplusplus && *xp == '/')) {
            ip->bufp = xp + 1;
            skip_to_end_of_comment (ip, 0);
            if (keep_comments)
            while (xp != ip->bufp)
              *cp++ = *xp++;
            /* Delete or replace the slash.  */
            else if (traditional)
            cp--;
            else
            cp[-1] = ' ';
            xp = ip->bufp;
          }
        }
      }

      /* Null-terminate the copy.  */

      *cp = 0;
      }
      else
      cp = bp;

      ip->bufp = resume_p;

      /* Some directives should be written out for cc1 to process,
       just as if they were not defined.  */

      if (kt->pass_thru) {
        int len;

      /* Output directive name.  */
        check_expand (op, kt->length+1);
        *op->bufp++ = '#';
        bcopy (kt->name, op->bufp, kt->length);
        op->bufp += kt->length;

      /* Output arguments.  */
        len = (cp - buf);
        check_expand (op, len);
        bcopy (buf, op->bufp, len);
        op->bufp += len;
      }

      /* Call the appropriate command handler.  buf now points to
       either the appropriate place in the input buffer, or to
       the temp buffer if it was necessary to make one.  cp
       points to the first char after the contents of the (possibly
       copied) command, in either case. */
      (*kt->func) (buf, cp, op, kt);
      check_expand (op, ip->length - (ip->bufp - ip->buf));
      return 1;
    }
  }


  return 0;

}

/*
 * write out a #line command, for instance, after an #include file.
 * If CONDITIONAL is nonzero, we can omit the #line if it would
 * appear to be a no-op, and we can output a few newlines instead
 * if we want to increase the line number by a small amount.
 * FILE_CHANGE says whether we are entering a file, leaving, or neither.
 */

void
#if PROTO_OK
output_line_command(FILE_BUF *ip, FILE_BUF *op, int conditional,
  enum file_change_code file_change)
#else
output_line_command (ip, op, conditional, file_change)
FILE_BUF *ip, *op; int conditional; enum file_change_code file_change;
#endif
{
  int len;
  char line_cmd_buf[500];

  if (no_line_commands
      || ip->fname == NULL
      || no_output) {
    op->lineno = ip->lineno;
    return;
  }

  if (conditional) {
    if (ip->lineno == op->lineno)
      return;

    /* If the inherited line number is a little too small,
       output some newlines instead of a #line command.  */
    if (ip->lineno > op->lineno && ip->lineno < op->lineno + 8) {
      check_expand (op, 10);
      while (ip->lineno > op->lineno) {
      *op->bufp++ = '\n';
      op->lineno++;
      }
      return;
    }
  }

#ifdef OUTPUT_LINE_COMMANDS
  sprintf (line_cmd_buf, "#line %d \"%s\"", ip->lineno, ip->fname);
#else
  sprintf (line_cmd_buf, "# %d \"%s\"", ip->lineno, ip->fname);
#endif
  if (file_change != same_file)
    strcat (line_cmd_buf, file_change == enter_file ? " 1" : " 2");
  len = strlen (line_cmd_buf);
  line_cmd_buf[len++] = '\n';
  check_expand (op, len + 1);
  if (op->bufp > op->buf && op->bufp[-1] != '\n')
    *op->bufp++ = '\n';
  bcopy (line_cmd_buf, op->bufp, len);
  op->bufp += len;
  op->lineno = ip->lineno;
}

static char *monthnames[] = {"Jan", "Feb", "Mar", "Apr", "May", "Jun",
                       "Jul", "Aug", "Sep", "Oct", "Nov", "Dec",
                      };

/*
 * expand things like __FILE__.  Place the expansion into the output
 * buffer *without* rescanning.
 */
void
#if PROTO_OK
special_symbol(HASHNODE *hp, FILE_BUF *op)
#else
special_symbol (hp, op)
HASHNODE *hp; FILE_BUF *op;
#endif
{
  char *buf;
  time_t t;
  int i, len;
  int true_indepth;
  FILE_BUF *ip = NULL;
  static struct tm *timebuf = NULL;
  struct tm *localtime ();

  char *mark = (char *)obstack_alloc (&obstck,0);

  int paren = 0;        /* For special `defined' keyword */

  for (i = indepth; i >= 0; i--)
    if (instack[i].fname != NULL) {
      ip = &instack[i];
      break;
    }
  if (ip == NULL) {
    error ("cccp error: not in any file?!",0,0,0);
    return;             /* the show must go on */
  }

  switch (hp->type) {
  case T_FILE:
  case T_BASE_FILE:
    {
      char *string;
      if (hp->type == T_FILE)
      string = ip->fname;
      else
      string = instack[0].fname;

      if (string)
      {
        buf = (char *) obstack_alloc (&obstck, (3 + strlen(string)));
        sprintf (buf, "\"%s\"", string);
      }
      else
      buf = "\"\"";

      break;
    }

  case T_INCLUDE_LEVEL:
    true_indepth = 0;
    for (i = indepth; i >= 0; i--)
      if (instack[i].fname != NULL)
        true_indepth++;

    buf = (char *) obstack_alloc (&obstck,8);   /* Eigth bytes ought to be more than enough */
    sprintf (buf, "%d", true_indepth - 1);

    break;

  case T_VERSION:
    buf = (char *) obstack_alloc(&obstck, (3 + strlen (version_string)));
    sprintf (buf, "\"%s\"", version_string);
    break;

  case T_CONST:
    buf = (char *) obstack_alloc (&obstck, 4 * sizeof (int));
    sprintf (buf, "%d", hp->value.ival);
    break;

  case T_SPECLINE:
    buf = (char *) obstack_alloc (&obstck, 10);
    sprintf (buf, "%d", ip->lineno);
    break;

  case T_DATE:
  case T_TIME:
    if (timebuf == NULL) {
      t = time (0);
      timebuf = localtime (&t);
    }
    buf = (char *) obstack_alloc (&obstck,20);
    if (hp->type == T_DATE)
      sprintf (buf, "\"%s %2d %4d\"", monthnames[timebuf->tm_mon],
            timebuf->tm_mday, timebuf->tm_year + 1900);
    else
      sprintf (buf, "\"%02d:%02d:%02d\"", timebuf->tm_hour, timebuf->tm_min,
            timebuf->tm_sec);
    break;

  case T_SPEC_DEFINED:
    buf = " 0 ";        /* Assume symbol is not defined */
    ip = &instack[indepth];
    SKIP_WHITE_SPACE (ip->bufp);
    if (*ip->bufp == '(') {
      paren++;
      ip->bufp++;             /* Skip over the paren */
      SKIP_WHITE_SPACE (ip->bufp);
    }

    if (!is_idstart[*ip->bufp])
      goto oops;
    if (lookup (ip->bufp, -1, -1))
      buf = " 1 ";
    while (is_idchar[*ip->bufp])
      ++ip->bufp;
    SKIP_WHITE_SPACE (ip->bufp);
    if (paren) {
      if (*ip->bufp != ')')
      goto oops;
      ++ip->bufp;
    }
    break;

oops:

    error ("`defined' must be followed by ident or (ident)",0,0,0);
    break;

  default:
    obstack_free (&obstck,mark);
    error ("cccp error: invalid special hash type",0,0,0); /* time for gdb */
    abort ();
  }
  len = strlen (buf);
  check_expand (op, len);
  bcopy (buf, op->bufp, len);
  op->bufp += len;

  obstack_free (&obstck,mark);

  return;

}


/*
 * Rescan a string into a temporary buffer and return the result
 * as a FILE_BUF.  Note this function returns a struct, not a pointer.
 *
 * OUTPUT_MARKS nonzero means keep Newline markers found in the input
 * and insert such markers when appropriate.  See `rescan' for details.
 * OUTPUT_MARKS is 1 for macroexpanding a macro argument separately
 * before substitution; it is 0 for other uses.
 */
FILE_BUF
#if PROTO_OK
expand_to_temp_buffer(U_CHAR *buf, U_CHAR *limit, int output_marks)
#else
expand_to_temp_buffer (buf, limit, output_marks)
U_CHAR *buf, *limit; int output_marks;
#endif
{
  register FILE_BUF *ip;
  FILE_BUF obuf;
  int length = limit - buf;
  U_CHAR *buf1;
  int odepth = indepth;
  
  char *mark = (char *)obstack_alloc (&obstck,0);

  if (length < 0)
    abort ();

  /* Set up the input on the input stack.  */

  buf1 = (U_CHAR *) obstack_alloc (&obstck,length + 1);
  {
    register U_CHAR *p1 = buf;
    register U_CHAR *p2 = buf1;

    while (p1 != limit)
      *p2++ = *p1++;
  }
  buf1[length] = 0;

  /* Set up to receive the output.  */

  obuf.length = length * 2 + 100; /* Usually enough.  Why be stingy?  */
  obuf.bufp = obuf.buf = (U_CHAR *) xmalloc (obuf.length);
  obuf.fname = 0;
  obuf.macro = 0;
  obuf.free_ptr = 0;

  CHECK_DEPTH ({return obuf;});

  ++indepth;

  ip = &instack[indepth];
  ip->fname = 0;
  ip->macro = 0;
  ip->free_ptr = 0;
  ip->length = length;
  ip->buf = ip->bufp = buf1;
  ip->if_stack = if_stack;

  ip->lineno = obuf.lineno = 1;

  /* Scan the input, create the output.  */

  rescan (&obuf, output_marks);


  /* Pop input stack to original state.  */
  --indepth;

  if (indepth != odepth){
    obstack_free (&obstck,mark);
    abort ();
  } 

  /* Record the output.  */
  obuf.length = obuf.bufp - obuf.buf;

  obstack_free (&obstck,mark);

  return obuf;
}

/* This structure represents one parsed argument in a macro call.
   `raw' points to the argument text as written (`raw_length' is its length).
   `expanded' points to the argument's macro-expansion
   (its length is `expand_length').
   `stringified_length' is the length the argument would have
   if stringified.
   `free1' and `free2', if nonzero, point to blocks to be freed
   when the macro argument data is no longer needed.  */

struct argdata {
  U_CHAR *raw, *expanded;
  int raw_length, expand_length;
  int stringified_length;
  U_CHAR *free1, *free2;
  char newlines;
  char comments;
};

/* Scan text from START (inclusive) up to LIMIT (exclusive),
   counting parens in *DEPTHPTR,
   and return if reach LIMIT
   or before a `)' that would make *DEPTHPTR negative
   or before a comma when *DEPTHPTR is zero.
   Single and double quotes are matched and termination
   is inhibited within them.  Comments also inhibit it.
   Value returned is pointer to stopping place.

   Increment *NEWLINES each time a newline is passed.
   Set *COMMENTS to 1 if a comment is seen.  */

U_CHAR *
#if PROTO_OK
macarg1(U_CHAR *start, register U_CHAR *limit, int *depthptr,
  int *newlines, int *comments)
#else
macarg1 (start, limit, depthptr, newlines, comments)
U_CHAR *start; register U_CHAR *limit; int *depthptr, *newlines, *comments;
#endif
{
  register U_CHAR *bp = start;

  while (bp < limit) {
    switch (*bp) {
    case '(':
      (*depthptr)++;
      break;
    case ')':
      if (--(*depthptr) < 0)
      return bp;
      break;
    case '\\':
      /* Traditionally, backslash makes following char not special.  */
      if (!traditional)
      break;
      if (bp + 1 < limit)
      {
        bp++;
        /* But count source lines anyway.  */
        if (*bp == '\n')
          ++*newlines;
      }
      break;
    case '\n':
      ++*newlines;
      break;
    case '/':
      if (bp[1] == '\\' && bp[2] == '\n')
      newline_fix (bp + 1);
      if (cplusplus && bp[1] == '/') {
      *comments = 1;
      bp += 2;
      while (bp < limit && *bp++ != '\n') ;
      ++*newlines;
      break;
      }
      if (bp[1] != '*' || bp + 1 >= limit)
      break;
      *comments = 1;
      bp += 2;
      while (bp + 1 < limit) {
      if (bp[0] == '*'
          && bp[1] == '\\' && bp[2] == '\n')
        newline_fix (bp + 1);
      if (bp[0] == '*' && bp[1] == '/')
        break;
      if (*bp == '\n') ++*newlines;
      bp++;
      }
      bp += 1;
      break;
    case '\'':
    case '\"':
      {
      int quotec;
      for (quotec = *bp++; bp + 1 < limit && *bp != quotec; bp++) {
        if (*bp == '\\') {
          bp++;
          if (*bp == '\n')
            ++*newlines;
          while (*bp == '\\' && bp[1] == '\n') {
            bp += 2;
          }
        } else if (*bp == '\n') {
          ++*newlines;
          if (quotec == '\'')
            break;
        }
      }
      }
      break;
    case ',':
      if ((*depthptr) == 0)
      return bp;
      break;
    }
    bp++;
  }

  return bp;
}

/* Discard comments and duplicate newlines
   in the string of length LENGTH at START,
   except inside of string constants.
   The string is copied into itself with its beginning staying fixed.  

   NEWLINES is the number of newlines that must be duplicated.
   We assume that that much extra space is available past the end
   of the string.  */

int
#if PROTO_OK
discard_comments(U_CHAR *start, int length, int newlines)
#else
discard_comments (start, length, newlines)
U_CHAR *start; int length; int newlines;
#endif
{
  register U_CHAR *ibp;
  register U_CHAR *obp;
  register U_CHAR *limit;
  register int c;

  /* If we have newlines to duplicate, copy everything
     that many characters up.  Then, in the second part,
     we will have room to insert the newlines
     while copying down.
     NEWLINES may actually be too large, because it counts
     newlines in string constants, and we don't duplicate those.
     But that does no harm.  */
  if (newlines > 0) {
    ibp = start + length;
    obp = ibp + newlines;
    limit = start;
    while (limit != ibp)
      *--obp = *--ibp;
  }

  ibp = start + newlines;
  limit = start + length + newlines;
  obp = start;

  while (ibp < limit) {
    *obp++ = c = *ibp++;
    switch (c) {
    case '\n':
      /* Duplicate the newline.  */
      *obp++ = '\n';
      break;

    case '\\':
      if (*ibp == '\n') {
      obp--;
      ibp++;
      }
      break;

    case '/':
      if (*ibp == '\\' && ibp[1] == '\n')
      newline_fix (ibp);
      /* Delete any comment.  */
      if (cplusplus && ibp[0] == '/') {
      obp--;
      ibp++;
      while (ibp < limit && *ibp++ != '\n') ;
      break;
      }
      if (ibp[0] != '*' || ibp + 1 >= limit)
      break;
      obp--;
      ibp++;
      while (ibp + 1 < limit) {
      if (ibp[0] == '*'
          && ibp[1] == '\\' && ibp[2] == '\n')
        newline_fix (ibp + 1);
      if (ibp[0] == '*' && ibp[1] == '/')
        break;
      ibp++;
      }
      ibp += 2;
      break;

    case '\'':
    case '\"':
      /* Notice and skip strings, so that we don't
       think that comments start inside them,
       and so we don't duplicate newlines in them.  */
      {
      int quotec = c;
      while (ibp < limit) {
        *obp++ = c = *ibp++;
        if (c == quotec)
          break;
        if (c == '\n' && quotec == '\'')
          break;
        if (c == '\\' && ibp < limit) {
          while (*ibp == '\\' && ibp[1] == '\n')
            ibp += 2;
          *obp++ = *ibp++;
        }
      }
      }
      break;
    }
  }

  return obp - start;
}

/*
 * Parse a macro argument and store the info on it into *ARGPTR.
 * Return nonzero to indicate a syntax error.
 */

char *
#if PROTO_OK
macarg(register struct argdata *argptr)
#else
macarg (argptr)
     register struct argdata *argptr;
#endif
{
  FILE_BUF *ip = &instack[indepth];
  int paren = 0;
  int newlines = 0;
  int comments = 0;

  /* Try to parse as much of the argument as exists at this
     input stack level.  */
  U_CHAR *bp = macarg1 (ip->bufp, ip->buf + ip->length,
                  &paren, &newlines, &comments);

  /* If we find the end of the argument at this level,
     set up *ARGPTR to point at it in the input stack.  */
  if (!(ip->fname != 0 && (newlines != 0 || comments != 0))
      && bp != ip->buf + ip->length) {
    if (argptr != 0) {
      argptr->raw = ip->bufp;
      argptr->raw_length = bp - ip->bufp;
    }
    ip->bufp = bp;
  } else {
    /* This input stack level ends before the macro argument does.
       We must pop levels and keep parsing.
       Therefore, we must allocate a temporary buffer and copy
       the macro argument into it.  */
    int bufsize = bp - ip->bufp;
    int extra = newlines;
    U_CHAR *buffer = (U_CHAR *) xmalloc (bufsize + extra + 1);
    int final_start = 0;

    bcopy (ip->bufp, buffer, bufsize);
    ip->bufp = bp;
    ip->lineno += newlines;

    while (bp == ip->buf + ip->length) {
      if (instack[indepth].macro == 0) {
      free (buffer);
      return "unterminated macro call";
      }
      ip->macro->type = T_MACRO;
      if (ip->free_ptr)
      free (ip->free_ptr);
      ip = &instack[--indepth];
      newlines = 0;
      comments = 0;
      bp = macarg1 (ip->bufp, ip->buf + ip->length, &paren,
                &newlines, &comments);
      final_start = bufsize;
      bufsize += bp - ip->bufp;
      extra += newlines;
      buffer = (U_CHAR *) xrealloc (buffer, bufsize + extra + 1);
      bcopy (ip->bufp, buffer + bufsize - (bp - ip->bufp), bp - ip->bufp);
      ip->bufp = bp;
      ip->lineno += newlines;
    }

    /* Now, if arg is actually wanted, record its raw form,
       discarding comments and duplicating newlines in whatever
       part of it did not come from a macro expansion.
       EXTRA space has been preallocated for duplicating the newlines.
       FINAL_START is the index of the start of that part.  */
    if (argptr != 0) {
      argptr->raw = buffer;
      argptr->raw_length = bufsize;
      argptr->free1 = buffer;
      argptr->newlines = newlines;
      argptr->comments = comments;
      if ((newlines || comments) && ip->fname != 0)
      argptr->raw_length
        = final_start +
          discard_comments (argptr->raw + final_start,
                        argptr->raw_length - final_start,
                        newlines);
      argptr->raw[argptr->raw_length] = 0;
      if (argptr->raw_length > bufsize + extra)
      abort ();
    }
  }

  /* If we are not discarding this argument,
     macroexpand it and compute its length as stringified.
     All this info goes into *ARGPTR.  */

  if (argptr != 0) {
    FILE_BUF obuf;
    register U_CHAR *buf, *lim;
    register int totlen;

    obuf = expand_to_temp_buffer (argptr->raw,
                          argptr->raw + argptr->raw_length,
                          1);

    argptr->expanded = obuf.buf;
    argptr->expand_length = obuf.length;
    argptr->free2 = obuf.buf;

    buf = argptr->raw;
    lim = buf + argptr->raw_length;

    /* If ANSI, discard leading and trailing space.  */
    if (!traditional) {
      while (buf != lim && is_space[*buf])
      buf++;
      while (buf != lim && is_space[lim[-1]])
      lim--;
    }
    totlen = traditional ? 0 : 2;   /* Count opening and closing quote.  */
    while (buf != lim) {
      register U_CHAR c = *buf++;
      totlen++;
      /* If ANSI, replace internal sequences of whitespace with one space.  */
      if (is_space[c] && !traditional)
      SKIP_ALL_WHITE_SPACE (buf);
      else if (c == '\"' || c == '\\') /* escape these chars */
      totlen++;
      else if (!isprint (c))
      totlen += 3;
    }
    argptr->stringified_length = totlen;
  }
  return 0;
}

/* Expand a macro call.
   HP points to the symbol that is the macro being called.
   Put the result of expansion onto the input stack
   so that subsequent input by our caller will use it.

   If macro wants arguments, caller has already verified that
   an argument list follows; arguments come from the input stack.  */

void
#if PROTO_OK
macroexpand(HASHNODE *hp, FILE_BUF *op)
#else
macroexpand (hp, op)
HASHNODE *hp; FILE_BUF *op;
#endif
{ char numb[10];
  int nargs;
  DEFINITION *defn = hp->value.defn;
  register U_CHAR *xbuf;
  int xbuf_len;
  int start_line = instack[indepth].lineno;

  char *mark = (char *)obstack_alloc (&obstck,0);

  CHECK_DEPTH (return;);

  /* it might not actually be a macro.  */
  if (hp->type != T_MACRO) {
    special_symbol (hp, op);
    return;
  }

  nargs = defn->nargs;

  if (nargs >= 0) {
    register int i;
    struct argdata *args;
    char *parse_error = 0;

    args = (struct argdata *) obstack_alloc (&obstck,((nargs + 1) * sizeof (struct argdata)));

    for (i = 0; i < nargs; i++) {
      args[i].raw = args[i].expanded = (U_CHAR *) "";
      args[i].raw_length = args[i].expand_length
      = args[i].stringified_length = 0;
      args[i].free1 = args[i].free2 = 0;
    }

    /* Parse all the macro args that are supplied.  I counts them.
       The first NARGS args are stored in ARGS.
       The rest are discarded.  */
    i = 0;
    do {
      /* Discard the open-parenthesis or comma before the next arg.  */
      ++instack[indepth].bufp;
      parse_error
      = macarg ((i < nargs || (nargs == 0 && i == 0)) ? &args[i] : 0);
      if (parse_error)
      {
        error_with_line (line_for_error (start_line), parse_error,0,0,0);
        break;
      }
      i++;
    } while (*instack[indepth].bufp != ')');

    /* If we got one arg but it was just whitespace, call that 0 args.  */
    if (i == 1) {
      register U_CHAR *bp = args[0].raw;
      register U_CHAR *lim = bp + args[0].raw_length;
      while (bp != lim && is_space[*bp]) bp++;
      if (bp == lim)
      i = 0;
    }

    (void)sprintf(numb, "%d", i);
    if (nargs == 0 && i > 0)
      error ("arguments given to macro `%s'", hp->name,0,0);
    else if (i < nargs) {
      /* traditional C allows foo() if foo wants one argument.  */
      if (nargs == 1 && i == 0 && traditional)
      ;
      else if (i == 0)
      error ("no args to macro `%s'", hp->name,0,0);
      else if (i == 1)
      error ("only 1 arg to macro `%s'", hp->name,0,0);
      else
      error ("only %s args to macro `%s'", numb, hp->name,0);
    } else if (i > nargs)
      error ("too many (%s) args to macro `%s'", numb, hp->name,0);

    /* Swallow the closeparen.  */
    ++instack[indepth].bufp;

    /* If macro wants zero args, we parsed the arglist for checking only.
       Read directly from the macro definition.  */
    if (nargs == 0) {
      xbuf = defn->expansion;
      xbuf_len = defn->length;
    } else {
      register U_CHAR *exp = defn->expansion;
      register int offset;    /* offset in expansion,
                           copied a piece at a time */
      register int totlen;    /* total amount of exp buffer filled so far */

      register struct reflist *ap;

      /* Macro really takes args.  Compute the expansion of this call.  */

      /* Compute length in characters of the macro's expansion.  */
      xbuf_len = defn->length;
      for (ap = defn->pattern; ap != NULL; ap = ap->next) {
      if (ap->stringify)
        xbuf_len += args[ap->argno].stringified_length;
      else if (ap->raw_before || ap->raw_after || traditional)
        xbuf_len += args[ap->argno].raw_length;
      else
        xbuf_len += args[ap->argno].expand_length;
      }

      xbuf = (U_CHAR *) xmalloc (xbuf_len + 1);

      /* Generate in XBUF the complete expansion
       with arguments substituted in.
       TOTLEN is the total size generated so far.
       OFFSET is the index in the definition
       of where we are copying from.  */
      offset = totlen = 0;
      for (ap = defn->pattern; ap != NULL; ap = ap->next) {
      register struct argdata *arg = &args[ap->argno];

      for (i = 0; i < ap->nchars; i++)
        xbuf[totlen++] = exp[offset++];

      if (ap->stringify != 0) {
        int arglen = arg->raw_length;
        int escaped = 0;
        int in_string = 0;
        int c;
        i = 0;
        while (i < arglen
             && (c = arg->raw[i], is_space[c]))
          i++;
        while (i < arglen
             && (c = arg->raw[arglen - 1], is_space[c]))
          arglen--;
        if (!traditional)
          xbuf[totlen++] = '\"'; /* insert beginning quote */
        for (; i < arglen; i++) {
          c = arg->raw[i];

          /* Special markers Newline Space
             generate nothing for a stringified argument.  */
          if (c == '\n' && arg->raw[i+1] != '\n') {
            i++;
            continue;
          }

          /* Internal sequences of whitespace are replaced by one space.  */
          if (c == '\n' ? arg->raw[i+1] == '\n' : is_space[c]) {
            while (1) {
            /* Note that Newline Space does occur within whitespace
               sequences; consider it part of the sequence.  */
            if (c == '\n' && is_space[arg->raw[i+1]])
              i += 2;
            else if (c != '\n' && is_space[c])
              i++;
            else break;
            c = arg->raw[i];
            }
            i--;
            c = ' ';
          }

          if (escaped)
            escaped = 0;
          else {
            if (c == '\\')
            escaped = 1;
            if (in_string) {
            if (c == in_string)
              in_string = 0;
            } else if (c == '\"' || c == '\'')
            in_string = c;
          }

          /* Escape these chars */
          if (c == '\"' || (in_string && c == '\\'))
            xbuf[totlen++] = '\\';
          if (isprint (c))
            xbuf[totlen++] = c;
          else {
            sprintf ((char *) &xbuf[totlen], "\\%03o", (unsigned int) c);
            totlen += 4;
          }
        }
        if (!traditional)
          xbuf[totlen++] = '\"'; /* insert ending quote */
      } else if (ap->raw_before || ap->raw_after || traditional) {
        U_CHAR *p1 = arg->raw;
        U_CHAR *l1 = p1 + arg->raw_length;

        if (ap->raw_before) {
          while (p1 != l1 && is_space[*p1]) p1++;
          while (p1 != l1 && is_idchar[*p1])
            xbuf[totlen++] = *p1++;
          /* Delete any no-reexpansion marker that follows
             an identifier at the beginning of the argument
             if the argument is concatenated with what precedes it.  */
          if (p1[0] == '\n' && p1[1] == '-')
            p1 += 2;
        }
        if (ap->raw_after) {
          /* Arg is concatenated after: delete trailing whitespace,
             whitespace markers, and no-reexpansion markers.  */
          while (p1 != l1) {
            if (is_space[l1[-1]]) l1--;
            else if (l1[-1] == '-') {
            U_CHAR *p2 = l1 - 1;
            /* If a `-' is preceded by an odd number of newlines then it
               and the last newline are a no-reexpansion marker.  */
            while (p2 != p1 && p2[-1] == '\n') p2--;
            if ((l1 - 1 - p2) & 1) {
              l1 -= 2;
            }
            else break;
            }
            else break;
          }
        }
        bcopy (p1, xbuf + totlen, l1 - p1);
        totlen += l1 - p1;
      } else {
        bcopy (arg->expanded, xbuf + totlen, arg->expand_length);
        totlen += arg->expand_length;
      }

      if (totlen > xbuf_len)
        abort ();
      }

      /* if there is anything left of the definition
       after handling the arg list, copy that in too. */

      for (i = offset; i < defn->length; i++)
      xbuf[totlen++] = exp[i];

      xbuf[totlen] = 0;
      xbuf_len = totlen;

      for (i = 0; i < nargs; i++) {
      if (args[i].free1 != 0)
        free (args[i].free1);
      if (args[i].free2 != 0)
        free (args[i].free2);
      }
    }
  } else {
    xbuf = defn->expansion;
    xbuf_len = defn->length;
  }

  /* Now put the expansion on the input stack
     so our caller will commence reading from it.  */
  {
    register FILE_BUF *ip2;

    ip2 = &instack[++indepth];

    ip2->fname = 0;
    ip2->lineno = 0;
    ip2->buf = xbuf;
    ip2->length = xbuf_len;
    ip2->bufp = xbuf;
    ip2->free_ptr = (nargs > 0) ? xbuf : 0;
    ip2->macro = hp;
    ip2->if_stack = if_stack;

    /* Recursive macro use sometimes works traditionally.
       #define foo(x,y) bar(x(y,0), y)
       foo(foo, baz)  */

    if (!traditional)
      hp->type = T_DISABLED;
  }

  obstack_free (&obstck,mark);
}

/*
 * evaluate a #if expression in BUF, of length LENGTH,
 * then parse the result as a C expression and return the value as an int.
 */
int
#if PROTO_OK
eval_if_expression(U_CHAR *buf, int length)
#else
eval_if_expression (buf, length)
U_CHAR *buf; int length;
#endif
{
  FILE_BUF temp_obuf;
  HASHNODE *save_defined;
  int value;
  char *cpvalue;
  DEFINITION *defn;
  save_defined = install ("defined", -1, T_SPEC_DEFINED, -1, 0, cpvalue, defn, "i");
  temp_obuf = expand_to_temp_buffer (buf, buf + length, 0);
  delete_macro (save_defined);      /* clean up special symbol */

  value = parse_c_expression (temp_obuf.buf);

  free (temp_obuf.buf);

  return value;
}

/* When an #else or #endif is found while skipping failed conditional,
   if -pedantic was specified, this is called to warn about text after
   the command name.  P points to the first char after the command name.  */
void
#if PROTO_OK
validate_else(register U_CHAR *p)
#else
validate_else (p)
     register U_CHAR *p;
#endif
{
  /* Advance P over whitespace and comments.  */
  while (1) {
    if (*p == '\\' && p[1] == '\n')
      p += 2;
    if (is_hor_space[*p])
      p++;
    else if (*p == '/') {
      if (p[1] == '\\' && p[2] == '\n')
      newline_fix (p + 1);
      if (p[1] == '*') {
      p += 2;
      /* Don't bother warning about unterminated comments
         since that will happen later.  Just be sure to exit.  */
      while (*p) {
        if (p[1] == '\\' && p[2] == '\n')
          newline_fix (p + 1);
        if (*p == '*' && p[1] == '/') {
          p += 2;
          break;
        }
        p++;
      }
      }
      else if (cplusplus && p[1] == '/') {
      p += 2;
      while (*p && *p++ != '\n') ;
      }
    } else break;
  }
  if (*p && *p != '\n')
    warning ("text following #else or #endif violates ANSI standard", 0, 0, 0);
}

/*
 * skip to #endif, #else, or #elif.  adjust line numbers, etc.
 * leaves input ptr at the sharp sign found.
 * If ANY is nonzero, return at next directive of any sort.
 */
void
#if PROTO_OK
skip_if_group(FILE_BUF *ip, int any)
#else
skip_if_group (ip, any)
FILE_BUF *ip; int any;
#endif
{
  register U_CHAR *bp = ip->bufp, *cp;
  register U_CHAR *endb = ip->buf + ip->length;
  struct directive *kt;
  IF_STACK_FRAME *save_if_stack = if_stack; /* don't pop past here */
  U_CHAR *beg_of_line = bp;

  while (bp < endb) {
    switch (*bp++) {
    case '/':                 /* possible comment */
      if (*bp == '\\' && bp[1] == '\n')
      newline_fix (bp);
      if (*bp == '*'
        || (cplusplus && *bp == '/')) {
      ip->bufp = ++bp;
      bp = skip_to_end_of_comment (ip, &ip->lineno);
      }
      break;
    case '\"':
    case '\'':
      bp = skip_quoted_string (bp - 1, endb, ip->lineno, &ip->lineno, 0, 0);
      break;
    case '\\':
      /* Char after backslash loses its special meaning.  */
      if (bp < endb) {
      if (*bp == '\n')
        ++ip->lineno;         /* But do update the line-count.  */
      bp++;
      }
      break;
    case '\n':
      ++ip->lineno;
      beg_of_line = bp;
      break;
    case '#':
      ip->bufp = bp - 1;

      /* # keyword: a # must be first nonblank char on the line */
      if (beg_of_line == 0)
      break;
      /* Scan from start of line, skipping whitespace, comments
       and backslash-newlines, and see if we reach this #.
       If not, this # is not special.  */
      bp = beg_of_line;
      while (1) {
      if (is_hor_space[*bp])
        bp++;
      else if (*bp == '\\' && bp[1] == '\n')
        bp += 2;
      else if (*bp == '/' && bp[1] == '*') {
        bp += 2;
        while (!(*bp == '*' && bp[1] == '/'))
          bp++;
        bp += 2;
      }
      else if (cplusplus && *bp == '/' && bp[1] == '/') {
        bp += 2;
        while (*bp++ != '\n') ;
        }
      else break;
      }
      if (bp != ip->bufp) {
      bp = ip->bufp + 1;      /* Reset bp to after the #.  */
      break;
      }

      bp = ip->bufp + 1;            /* point at '#' */

      /* Skip whitespace and \-newline.  */
      while (1) {
      if (is_hor_space[*bp])
        bp++;
      else if (*bp == '\\' && bp[1] == '\n')
        bp += 2;
      else break;
      }

      cp = bp;

      /* Now find end of directive name.
       If we encounter a backslash-newline, exchange it with any following
       symbol-constituents so that we end up with a contiguous name.  */

      while (1) {
      if (is_idchar[*bp])
        bp++;
      else {
        if (*bp == '\\' && bp[1] == '\n')
          name_newline_fix (bp);
        if (is_idchar[*bp])
          bp++;
        else break;
      }
      }

      for (kt = directive_table; kt->length >= 0; kt++) {
      IF_STACK_FRAME *temp;
      if (strncmp (cp, kt->name, kt->length) == 0
          && !is_idchar[cp[kt->length]]) {

        /* If we are asked to return on next directive,
           do so now.  */
        if (any)
          return;

        switch (kt->type) {
        case T_IF:
        case T_IFDEF:
        case T_IFNDEF:
          temp = (IF_STACK_FRAME *) xcalloc (1, sizeof (IF_STACK_FRAME));
          temp->next = if_stack;
          if_stack = temp;
          temp->lineno = ip->lineno;
          temp->fname = ip->fname;
          temp->type = kt->type;
          break;
        case T_ELSE:
        case T_ENDIF:
          if (pedantic && if_stack != save_if_stack)
            validate_else (bp);
        case T_ELIF:
          if (if_stack == instack[indepth].if_stack) {
            error ("#%s not within a conditional", kt->name,0,0);
            break;
          }
          else if (if_stack == save_if_stack)
            return;           /* found what we came for */

          if (kt->type != T_ENDIF) {
            if (if_stack->type == T_ELSE)
            error ("#else or #elif after #else",0,0,0);
            if_stack->type = kt->type;
            break;
          }

          temp = if_stack;
          if_stack = if_stack->next;
          free (temp);
          break;
          default:
            ;
        }
        break;
      }
      }
    }
  }
  ip->bufp = bp;
  /* after this returns, rescan will exit because ip->bufp
     now points to the end of the buffer.
     rescan is responsible for the error message also.  */
}

/*
 * handle a #elif directive by not changing  if_stack  either.
 * see the comment above do_else.
 */

int
#if PROTO_OK
do_elif(U_CHAR *buf, U_CHAR *limit, FILE_BUF *op, struct directive *keyword)
#else
do_elif (buf, limit, op, keyword)
U_CHAR *buf, *limit; FILE_BUF *op; struct directive *keyword;
#endif
{
  int value;
  FILE_BUF *ip = &instack[indepth];

  if (if_stack == instack[indepth].if_stack) {
    error ("#elif not within a conditional",0,0,0);
    return 0;
  } else {
    if (if_stack->type != T_IF && if_stack->type != T_ELIF) {
      error ("#elif after #else",0,0,0);
      fprintf (stderr, " (matches line %d", if_stack->lineno);
      if (if_stack->fname != NULL && ip->fname != NULL &&
        strcmp (if_stack->fname, ip->fname) != 0)
      fprintf (stderr, ", file %s", if_stack->fname);
      fprintf (stderr, ")\n");
    }
    if_stack->type = T_ELIF;
  }

  if (if_stack->if_succeeded)
    skip_if_group (ip, 0);
  else {
    value = eval_if_expression (buf, limit - buf);
    if (value == 0)
      skip_if_group (ip, 0);
    else {
      ++if_stack->if_succeeded;     /* continue processing input */
      output_line_command (ip, op, 1, same_file);
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
 * push TYPE on stack; then, if SKIP is nonzero, skip ahead.
 */
void
#if PROTO_OK
conditional_skip(FILE_BUF *ip, int skip, enum node_type type)
#else
conditional_skip (ip, skip, type)
FILE_BUF *ip; int skip; enum node_type type;
#endif
{
  IF_STACK_FRAME *temp;

  temp = (IF_STACK_FRAME *) xcalloc (1, sizeof (IF_STACK_FRAME));
  temp->fname = ip->fname;
  temp->lineno = ip->lineno;
  temp->next = if_stack;
  if_stack = temp;

  if_stack->type = type;

  if (skip != 0) {
    skip_if_group (ip, 0);
    return;
  } else {
    ++if_stack->if_succeeded;
    output_line_command (ip, &outbuf, 1, same_file);
  }
}

/*
 * handle #if command by
 *   1) inserting special `defined' keyword into the hash table
 *    that gets turned into 0 or 1 by special_symbol (thus,
 *    if the luser has a symbol called `defined' already, it won't
 *      work inside the #if command)
 *   2) rescan the input into a temporary output buffer
 *   3) pass the output buffer to the yacc parser and collect a value
 *   4) clean up the mess left from steps 1 and 2.
 *   5) call conditional_skip to skip til the next #endif (etc.),
 *      or not, depending on the value from step 3.
 */

int
#if PROTO_OK
do_if(U_CHAR *buf, U_CHAR *limit, FILE_BUF *op, struct directive *keyword)
#else
do_if (buf, limit, op, keyword)
U_CHAR *buf, *limit; FILE_BUF *op; struct directive *keyword;
#endif
{
  int value;
  FILE_BUF *ip = &instack[indepth];

  value = eval_if_expression (buf, limit - buf);
  conditional_skip (ip, value == 0, T_IF);
  return 0;
}

/*
 * routine to handle ifdef/ifndef.  Try to look up the symbol,
 * then do or don't skip to the #endif/#else/#elif depending
 * on what directive is actually being processed.
 */
int
#if PROTO_OK
do_xifdef( U_CHAR *buf, U_CHAR *limit, FILE_BUF *op, struct directive *keyword)
#else
do_xifdef (buf, limit, op, keyword)
U_CHAR *buf, *limit; FILE_BUF *op; struct directive *keyword;
#endif
{

  int skip;
  FILE_BUF *ip = &instack[indepth];
  U_CHAR *end; 

  /* Discard leading and trailing whitespace.  */
  SKIP_WHITE_SPACE (buf);
  while (limit != buf && is_hor_space[limit[-1]]) limit--;

  /* Find the end of the identifier at the beginning.  */
  for (end = buf; is_idchar[*end]; end++);

  if (end == buf) {
    skip = (keyword->type == T_IFDEF);
    if (! traditional)
      warning (end == limit ? "#%s with no argument"
             : "#%s argument starts with punctuation",
             keyword->name, 0, 0);
  } else {
    if (pedantic && buf[0] >= '0' && buf[0] <= '9')
      warning ("#%s argument starts with a digit", keyword->name, 0, 0);
    else if (end != limit && !traditional)
      warning ("garbage at end of #%s argument", keyword->name, 0, 0);

    skip = (lookup (buf, end-buf, -1) == NULL) ^ (keyword->type == T_IFNDEF);
  }

  conditional_skip (ip, skip, T_IF);
  return 0;
}

/*
 * handle a #else directive.  Do this by just continuing processing
 * without changing  if_stack ;  this is so that the error message
 * for missing #endif's etc. will point to the original #if.  It
 * is possible that something different would be better.
 */
int
#if PROTO_OK
do_else(U_CHAR *buf, U_CHAR *limit, FILE_BUF *op, struct directive *keyword)
#else
do_else (buf, limit, op, keyword)
U_CHAR *buf, *limit; FILE_BUF *op; struct directive *keyword;
#endif
{
  FILE_BUF *ip = &instack[indepth];

  if (pedantic) {
    SKIP_WHITE_SPACE (buf);
    if (buf != limit)
      warning ("text following #else violates ANSI standard", 0, 0, 0);
  }

  if (if_stack == instack[indepth].if_stack) {
    error ("#else not within a conditional",0,0,0);
    return 0;
  } else {
    if (if_stack->type != T_IF && if_stack->type != T_ELIF) {
      error ("#else after #else",0,0,0);
      fprintf (stderr, " (matches line %d", if_stack->lineno);
      if (strcmp (if_stack->fname, ip->fname) != 0)
      fprintf (stderr, ", file %s", if_stack->fname);
      fprintf (stderr, ")\n");
    }
    if_stack->type = T_ELSE;
  }

  if (if_stack->if_succeeded)
    skip_if_group (ip, 0);
  else {
    ++if_stack->if_succeeded; /* continue processing input */
    output_line_command (ip, op, 1, same_file);
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
 * unstack after #endif command
 */
int
#if PROTO_OK
do_endif(U_CHAR *buf, U_CHAR *limit, FILE_BUF *op, struct directive *keyword)
#else
do_endif (buf, limit, op, keyword)
U_CHAR *buf, *limit; FILE_BUF *op; struct directive *keyword;
#endif
{
  if (pedantic) {
    SKIP_WHITE_SPACE (buf);
    if (buf != limit)
      warning ("text following #endif violates ANSI standard", 0, 0, 0);
  }

  if (if_stack == instack[indepth].if_stack)
    error ("unbalanced #endif",0,0,0);
  else {
    IF_STACK_FRAME *temp = if_stack;
    if_stack = if_stack->next;
    free (temp);
    output_line_command (&instack[indepth], op, 1, same_file);
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
 * The main loop of the program.
 *
 * Read characters from the input stack, transferring them to the
 * output buffer OP.
 *
 * Macros are expanded and push levels on the input stack.
 * At the end of such a level it is popped off and we keep reading.
 * At the end of any other kind of level, we return.
 * #-directives are handled, except within macros.
 *
 * If OUTPUT_MARKS is nonzero, keep Newline markers found in the input
 * and insert them when appropriate.  This is set while scanning macro
 * arguments before substitution.  It is zero when scanning for final output.
 *   There are three types of Newline markers:
 *   * Newline -  follows a macro name that was not expanded
 *     because it appeared inside an expansion of the same macro.
 *     This marker prevents future expansion of that identifier.
 *     When the input is rescanned into the final output, these are deleted.
 *     These are also deleted by ## concatenation.
 *   * Newline Space (or Newline and any other whitespace character)
 *     stands for a place that tokens must be separated or whitespace
 *     is otherwise desirable, but where the ANSI standard specifies there
 *     is no whitespace.  This marker turns into a Space (or whichever other
 *     whitespace char appears in the marker) in the final output,
 *     but it turns into nothing in an argument that is stringified with #.
 *     Such stringified arguments are the only place where the ANSI standard
 *     specifies with precision that whitespace may not appear.
 *
 * During this function, IP->bufp is kept cached in IBP for speed of access.
 * Likewise, OP->bufp is kept in OBP.  Before calling a subroutine
 * IBP, IP and OBP must be copied back to memory.  IP and IBP are
 * copied back with the RECACHE macro.  OBP must be copied back from OP->bufp
 * explicitly, and before RECACHE, since RECACHE uses OBP.
 */

void
#if PROTO_OK
rescan(FILE_BUF *op, int output_marks)
#else
rescan (op, output_marks)
FILE_BUF *op; int output_marks;
#endif
{
  /* Character being scanned in main loop.  */
  register U_CHAR c;

  /* Length of pending accumulated identifier.  */
  register int ident_length = 0;

  /* Hash code of pending accumulated identifier.  */
  register int hash = 0;

  /* Current input level (&instack[indepth]).  */
  FILE_BUF *ip;

  /* Pointer for scanning input.  */
  register U_CHAR *ibp;

  /* Pointer to end of input.  End of scan is controlled by LIMIT.  */
  register U_CHAR *limit;

  /* Pointer for storing output.  */
  register U_CHAR *obp;

  /* REDO_CHAR is nonzero if we are processing an identifier
     after backing up over the terminating character.
     Sometimes we process an identifier without backing up over
     the terminating character, if the terminating character
     is not special.  Backing up is done so that the terminating character
     will be dispatched on again once the identifier is dealt with.  */
  int redo_char = 0;

  /* 1 if within an identifier inside of which a concatenation
     marker (Newline -) has been seen.  */
  int concatenated = 0;

  /* While scanning a comment or a string constant,
     this records the line it started on, for error messages.  */
  int start_line;

  /* Record position of last `real' newline.  */
  U_CHAR *beg_of_line;

/* Pop the innermost input stack level, assuming it is a macro expansion.  */

#define POPMACRO \
do { ip->macro->type = T_MACRO;           \
     if (ip->free_ptr) free (ip->free_ptr);     \
     --indepth; } while (0)

/* Reload `rescan's local variables that describe the current
   level of the input stack.  */

#define RECACHE  \
do { ip = &instack[indepth];        \
     ibp = ip->bufp;                \
     limit = ip->buf + ip->length;  \
     op->bufp = obp;                \
     check_expand (op, limit - ibp);      \
     beg_of_line = 0;               \
     obp = op->bufp; } while (0)

  if (no_output && instack[indepth].fname != 0)
    skip_if_group (&instack[indepth], 1);

  obp = op->bufp;
  RECACHE;
  beg_of_line = ibp;

  /* Our caller must always put a null after the end of
     the input at each input stack level.  */
  if (*limit != 0)
    abort ();

  while (1) {
    c = *ibp++;
    *obp++ = c;

    switch (c) {
    case '\\':
      if (ibp >= limit)
      break;
      if (*ibp == '\n') {
      /* Always merge lines ending with backslash-newline,
         even in middle of identifier.  */
      ++ibp;
      ++ip->lineno;
      --obp;            /* remove backslash from obuf */
      break;
      }
      /* Otherwise, backslash suppresses specialness of following char,
       so copy it here to prevent the switch from seeing it.
       But first get any pending identifier processed.  */
      if (ident_length > 0)
      goto specialchar;
      *obp++ = *ibp++;
      break;

    case '#':
      /* If this is expanding a macro definition, don't recognize
       preprocessor directives.  */
      if (ip->macro != 0)
      goto randomchar;
      if (ident_length)
      goto specialchar;

      /* # keyword: a # must be first nonblank char on the line */
      if (beg_of_line == 0)
      goto randomchar;
      {
      U_CHAR *bp;

      /* Scan from start of line, skipping whitespace, comments
         and backslash-newlines, and see if we reach this #.
         If not, this # is not special.  */
      bp = beg_of_line;
      while (1) {
        if (is_hor_space[*bp])
          bp++;
        else if (*bp == '\\' && bp[1] == '\n')
          bp += 2;
        else if (*bp == '/' && (newline_fix (bp + 1), bp[1]) == '*') {
          bp += 2;
          while (!(*bp == '*' && (newline_fix (bp + 1), bp[1]) == '/'))
            bp++;
          bp += 1;
        }
        else if (cplusplus && *bp == '/' && (newline_fix (bp + 1), bp[1]) == '/') {
          bp += 2;
          while (*bp++ != '\n') ;
        }
        else break;
      }
      if (bp + 1 != ibp)
        goto randomchar;
      }

      /* This # can start a directive.  */

      --obp;            /* Don't copy the '#' */

      ip->bufp = ibp;
      op->bufp = obp;
      if (! handle_directive (ip, op)) {
#ifdef USE_C_ALLOCA
#endif
      /* Not a known directive: treat it as ordinary text.
         IP, OP, IBP, etc. have not been changed.  */
      if (no_output && instack[indepth].fname) {
        /* If not generating expanded output,
           what we do with ordinary text is skip it.
           Discard everything until next # directive.  */
        skip_if_group (&instack[indepth], 1);
        RECACHE;
        beg_of_line = ibp;
        break;
      }
      ++obp;            /* Copy the '#' after all */
      goto randomchar;
      }
#ifdef USE_C_ALLOCA
#endif
      /* A # directive has been successfully processed.  */
      /* If not generating expanded output, ignore everything until
       next # directive.  */
      if (no_output && instack[indepth].fname)
      skip_if_group (&instack[indepth], 1);
      obp = op->bufp;
      RECACHE;
      beg_of_line = ibp;
      break;

    case '\"':                /* skip quoted string */
    case '\'':
      /* A single quoted string is treated like a double -- some
       programs (e.g., troff) are perverse this way */

      if (ident_length)
      goto specialchar;

      start_line = ip->lineno;

      /* Skip ahead to a matching quote.  */

      while (1) {
      if (ibp >= limit) {
        if (traditional) {
          if (ip->macro != 0) {
            /* try harder: this string crosses a macro expansion boundary */
            POPMACRO;
            RECACHE;
            continue;
          }
        } else
          error_with_line (line_for_error (start_line),
                       "unterminated string or character constant",0,0,0);
        break;
      }
      *obp++ = *ibp;
      switch (*ibp++) {
      case '\n':
        ++ip->lineno;
        ++op->lineno;
        /* Traditionally, end of line ends a string constant with no error.
           So exit the loop and record the new line.  */
        if (traditional) {
          beg_of_line = ibp;
          goto while2end;
        }
        if (pedantic || c == '\'') {
          error_with_line (line_for_error (start_line),
                       "unterminated string or character constant",0,0,0);
          goto while2end;
        }
        break;

      case '\\':
        if (ibp >= limit)
          break;
        if (*ibp == '\n') {
          /* Backslash newline is replaced by nothing at all,
             but keep the line counts correct.  */
          --obp;
          ++ibp;
          ++ip->lineno;
        } else {
          /* ANSI stupidly requires that in \\ the second \
             is *not* prevented from combining with a newline.  */
          while (*ibp == '\\' && ibp[1] == '\n') {
            ibp += 2;
            ++ip->lineno;
          }
          *obp++ = *ibp++;
        }
        break;

      case '\"':
      case '\'':
        if (ibp[-1] == c)
          goto while2end;
        break;
      }
      }
    while2end:
      break;

    case '/':
      if (*ibp == '\\' && ibp[1] == '\n')
      newline_fix (ibp);
      /* Don't look for comments inside a macro definition.  */
      if (ip->macro != 0)
      goto randomchar;
      /* A comment constitutes white space, so it can terminate an identifier.
       Process the identifier, if any.  */
      if (ident_length)
      goto specialchar;
      if (cplusplus && *ibp == '/') {
      /* C++ style comment... */
      start_line = ip->lineno;

      --ibp;                  /* Back over the slash */
      --obp;

      /* Comments are equivalent to spaces. */
      if (! put_out_comments)
        *obp++ = ' ';
      else {
        /* must fake up a comment here */
        *obp++ = '/';
        *obp++ = '/';
      }
      {
        U_CHAR *before_bp = ibp+2;

        while (ibp < limit) {
          if (*ibp == '\\' && ibp[1] == '\n') {
            ip->lineno++;
            ibp += 2;
          } else if (*ibp++ == '\n') {
            ibp--;
            if (put_out_comments) {
            bcopy (before_bp, obp, ibp - before_bp);
            obp += ibp - before_bp;
            }
            break;
          }
        }
        break;
      }
      }
      if (*ibp != '*')
      goto randomchar;

      /* We have a comment.  Skip it, optionally copying it to output.  */

      start_line = ip->lineno;

      ++ibp;                  /* Skip the star. */

      /* Comments are equivalent to spaces.
       Note that we already output the slash; we might not want it.
       For -traditional, a comment is equivalent to nothing.  */
      if (! put_out_comments) {
      if (traditional)
        obp--;
      else
        obp[-1] = ' ';
      }
      else
      *obp++ = '*';

      {
      U_CHAR *before_bp = ibp;

      while (ibp < limit) {
        switch (*ibp++) {
        case '/':
          if (warn_comments && ibp < limit && *ibp == '*')
            warning("`/*' within comment", 0, 0, 0);
          break;
        case '*':
          if (*ibp == '\\' && ibp[1] == '\n')
            newline_fix (ibp);
          if (ibp >= limit || *ibp == '/')
            goto comment_end;
          break;
        case '\n':
          ++ip->lineno;
          /* Copy the newline into the output buffer, in order to
             avoid the pain of a #line every time a multiline comment
             is seen.  */
          if (!put_out_comments)
            *obp++ = '\n';
          ++op->lineno;
        }
      }
      comment_end:

      if (ibp >= limit)
        error_with_line (line_for_error (start_line),
                     "unterminated comment",0,0,0);
      else {
        ibp++;
        if (put_out_comments) {
          bcopy (before_bp, obp, ibp - before_bp);
          obp += ibp - before_bp;
        }
      }
      }
      break;

    case '$':
      if (!dollars_in_ident)
      goto randomchar;
      goto letter;

    case '0': case '1': case '2': case '3': case '4':
    case '5': case '6': case '7': case '8': case '9':
      /* If digit is not part of identifier, it starts a number,
       which means that following letters are not an identifier.
       "0x5" does not refer to an identifier "x5".
       So copy all alphanumerics that follow without accumulating
       as an identifier.  Periods also, for sake of "3.e7".  */

      if (ident_length == 0) {
      while (ibp < limit) {
        while (ibp < limit && ibp[0] == '\\' && ibp[1] == '\n') {
          ++ip->lineno;
          ibp += 2;
        }
        c = *ibp++;
        if (!isalnum (c) && c != '.' && c != '_') {
          --ibp;
          break;
        }
        *obp++ = c;
        /* A sign can be part of a preprocessing number
           if it follows an e.  */
        if (c == 'e' || c == 'E') {
          while (ibp < limit && ibp[0] == '\\' && ibp[1] == '\n') {
            ++ip->lineno;
            ibp += 2;
          }
          if (ibp < limit && (*ibp == '+' || *ibp == '-')) {
            *obp++ = *ibp++;
            /* But traditional C does not let the token go past the sign.  */
            if (traditional)
            break;
          }
        }
      }
      break;
      }
      /* fall through */

    case '_':
    case 'a': case 'b': case 'c': case 'd': case 'e': case 'f':
    case 'g': case 'h': case 'i': case 'j': case 'k': case 'l':
    case 'm': case 'n': case 'o': case 'p': case 'q': case 'r':
    case 's': case 't': case 'u': case 'v': case 'w': case 'x':
    case 'y': case 'z':
    case 'A': case 'B': case 'C': case 'D': case 'E': case 'F':
    case 'G': case 'H': case 'I': case 'J': case 'K': case 'L':
    case 'M': case 'N': case 'O': case 'P': case 'Q': case 'R':
    case 'S': case 'T': case 'U': case 'V': case 'W': case 'X':
    case 'Y': case 'Z':
    letter:
      ident_length++;
      /* Compute step of hash function, to avoid a proc call on every token */
      hash = HASHSTEP (hash, c);
      break;

    case '\n':
      /* If reprocessing a macro expansion, newline is a special marker.  */
      if (ip->macro != 0) {
      /* Newline White is a "funny space" to separate tokens that are
         supposed to be separate but without space between.
         Here White means any horizontal whitespace character.
         Newline - marks a recursive macro use that is not
         supposed to be expandable.  */

      if (*ibp == '-') {
        /* Newline - inhibits expansion of preceding token.
           If expanding a macro arg, we keep the newline -.
           In final output, it is deleted.  */
        if (! concatenated) {
          ident_length = 0;
          hash = 0;
        }
        ibp++;
        if (!output_marks) {
          obp--;
        } else {
          /* If expanding a macro arg, keep the newline -.  */
          *obp++ = '-';
        }
      } else if (is_space[*ibp]) {
        /* Newline Space does not prevent expansion of preceding token
           so expand the preceding token and then come back.  */
        if (ident_length > 0)
          goto specialchar;

        /* If generating final output, newline space makes a space.  */
        if (!output_marks) {
          obp[-1] = *ibp++;
          /* And Newline Newline makes a newline, so count it.  */
          if (obp[-1] == '\n')
            op->lineno++;
        } else {
          /* If expanding a macro arg, keep the newline space.
             If the arg gets stringified, newline space makes nothing.  */
          *obp++ = *ibp++;
        }
      } else abort ();  /* Newline followed by something random?  */
      break;
      }

      /* If there is a pending identifier, handle it and come back here.  */
      if (ident_length > 0)
      goto specialchar;

      beg_of_line = ibp;

      /* Update the line counts and output a #line if necessary.  */
      ++ip->lineno;
      ++op->lineno;
      if (ip->lineno != op->lineno) {
      op->bufp = obp;
      output_line_command (ip, op, 1, same_file);
      check_expand (op, ip->length - (ip->bufp - ip->buf));
      obp = op->bufp;
      }
      break;

      /* Come here either after (1) a null character that is part of the input
       or (2) at the end of the input, because there is a null there.  */
    case 0:
      if (ibp <= limit)
      /* Our input really contains a null character.  */
      goto randomchar;

      /* At end of a macro-expansion level, pop it and read next level.  */
      if (ip->macro != 0) {
      obp--;
      ibp--;
      /* If traditional, and we have an identifier that ends here,
         process it now, so we get the right error for recursion.  */
      if (traditional && ident_length
          && ! is_idchar[*instack[indepth - 1].bufp]) {
        redo_char = 1;
        goto randomchar;
      }
      POPMACRO;
      RECACHE;
      break;
      }

      /* If we don't have a pending identifier,
       return at end of input.  */
      if (ident_length == 0) {
      obp--;
      ibp--;
      op->bufp = obp;
      ip->bufp = ibp;
      goto ending;
      }

      /* If we do have a pending identifier, just consider this null
       a special character and arrange to dispatch on it again.
       The second time, IDENT_LENGTH will be zero so we will return.  */

      /* Fall through */

specialchar:

      /* Handle the case of a character such as /, ', " or null
       seen following an identifier.  Back over it so that
       after the identifier is processed the special char
       will be dispatched on again.  */

      ibp--;
      obp--;
      redo_char = 1;

    default:

randomchar:

      if (ident_length > 0) {
      register HASHNODE *hp;

      /* We have just seen an identifier end.  If it's a macro, expand it.

         IDENT_LENGTH is the length of the identifier
         and HASH is its hash code.

         The identifier has already been copied to the output,
         so if it is a macro we must remove it.

         If REDO_CHAR is 0, the char that terminated the identifier
         has been skipped in the output and the input.
         OBP-IDENT_LENGTH-1 points to the identifier.
         If the identifier is a macro, we must back over the terminator.

         If REDO_CHAR is 1, the terminating char has already been
         backed over.  OBP-IDENT_LENGTH points to the identifier.  */

      for (hp = hashtab[MAKE_POS (hash) % HASHSIZE]; hp != NULL;
           hp = hp->next) {

        if (hp->length == ident_length) {
          U_CHAR *obufp_before_macroname;
          int op_lineno_before_macroname;
          register int i = ident_length;
          register U_CHAR *p = hp->name;
          register U_CHAR *q = obp - i;
          int disabled;

          if (! redo_char)
            q--;

          do {          /* All this to avoid a strncmp () */
            if (*p++ != *q++)
            goto hashcollision;
          } while (--i);

          /* We found a use of a macro name.
             see if the context shows it is a macro call.  */

          /* Back up over terminating character if not already done.  */
          if (! redo_char) {
            ibp--;
            obp--;
          }

          obufp_before_macroname = obp - ident_length;
          op_lineno_before_macroname = op->lineno;

          /* Record whether the macro is disabled.  */
          disabled = hp->type == T_DISABLED;

          /* This looks like a macro ref, but if the macro was disabled,
             just copy its name and put in a marker if requested.  */

          if (disabled) {
#if 0
            /* This error check caught useful cases such as
             #define foo(x,y) bar(x(y,0), y)
             foo(foo, baz)  */
            if (traditional)
            error ("recursive use of macro `%s'", hp->name);
#endif

            if (output_marks) {
            check_expand (op, limit - ibp + 2);
            *obp++ = '\n';
            *obp++ = '-';
            }
            break;
          }

          /* If macro wants an arglist, verify that a '(' follows.
             first skip all whitespace, copying it to the output
             after the macro name.  Then, if there is no '(',
             decide this is not a macro call and leave things that way.  */
          if (((hp->type == T_MACRO) || (hp->type == T_DISABLED)) && (hp->value.defn->nargs >= 0))
            {
            while (1) {
              /* Scan forward over whitespace, copying it to the output.  */
              if (ibp == limit && ip->macro != 0) {
                POPMACRO;
                RECACHE;
              }
              /* A comment: copy it unchanged or discard it.  */
              else if (*ibp == '/' && ibp+1 != limit && ibp[1] == '*') {
                if (put_out_comments) {
                  *obp++ = '/';
                  *obp++ = '*';
                } else if (! traditional) {
                  *obp++ = ' ';
                }
                ibp += 2;
                while (ibp + 1 != limit
                     && !(ibp[0] == '*' && ibp[1] == '/')) {
                  /* We need not worry about newline-marks,
                   since they are never found in comments.  */
                  if (*ibp == '\n') {
                  /* Newline in a file.  Count it.  */
                  ++ip->lineno;
                  ++op->lineno;
                  }
                  if (put_out_comments)
                  *obp++ = *ibp++;
                  else
                  ibp++;
                }
                ibp += 2;
                if (put_out_comments) {
                  *obp++ = '*';
                  *obp++ = '/';
                }
              }
              else if (is_space[*ibp]) {
                *obp++ = *ibp++;
                if (ibp[-1] == '\n') {
                  if (ip->macro == 0) {
                  /* Newline in a file.  Count it.  */
                  ++ip->lineno;
                  ++op->lineno;
                  } else if (!output_marks) {
                  /* A newline mark, and we don't want marks
                     in the output.  If it is newline-hyphen,
                     discard it entirely.  Otherwise, it is
                     newline-whitechar, so keep the whitechar.  */
                  obp--;
                  if (*ibp == '-')
                    ibp++;
                  else {
                    if (*ibp == '\n')
                      ++op->lineno;
                    *obp++ = *ibp++;
                  }
                  } else {
                  /* A newline mark; copy both chars to the output.  */
                  *obp++ = *ibp++;
                  }
                }
              }
              else break;
            }
            if (*ibp != '(')
              break;
            }

          /* This is now known to be a macro call.
             Discard the macro name from the output,
             along with any following whitespace just copied.  */
          obp = obufp_before_macroname;
          op->lineno = op_lineno_before_macroname;

          /* Expand the macro, reading arguments as needed,
             and push the expansion on the input stack.  */
          ip->bufp = ibp;
          op->bufp = obp;
          macroexpand (hp, op);

          /* Reexamine input stack, since macroexpand has pushed
             a new level on it.  */
          obp = op->bufp;
          RECACHE;
          break;
        }
hashcollision:
             ;
      }                 /* End hash-table-search loop */
      ident_length = hash = 0; /* Stop collecting identifier */
      redo_char = 0;
      concatenated = 0;
      }                       /* End if (ident_length > 0) */
    }                   /* End switch */
  }                     /* End per-char loop */

  /* Come here to return -- but first give an error message
     if there was an unterminated successful conditional.  */
 ending:
  if (if_stack != ip->if_stack) {
    char *str;
    switch (if_stack->type) {
    case T_IF:
      str = "if";
      break;
    case T_IFDEF:
      str = "ifdef";
      break;
    case T_IFNDEF:
      str = "ifndef";
      break;
    case T_ELSE:
      str = "else";
      break;
    case T_ELIF:
      str = "elif";
      break;
    default:
      ;
    }
    error_with_line (line_for_error (if_stack->lineno),
                 "unterminated #%s conditional", str,0,0);
  }
  if_stack = ip->if_stack;
}

/* Add output to `deps_buffer' for the -M switch.
   STRING points to the text to be output.
   SIZE is the number of bytes, or 0 meaning output until a null.
   If SIZE is nonzero, we break the line first, if it is long enough.  */
void
#if PROTO_OK
deps_output(char *string, int size)
#else
deps_output (string, size)
char *string; int size;
#endif
{
#ifndef MAX_OUTPUT_COLUMNS
#define MAX_OUTPUT_COLUMNS 75
#endif
  if (size != 0 && deps_column != 0
      && size + deps_column > MAX_OUTPUT_COLUMNS) {
    deps_output ("\\\n  ", 0);
    deps_column = 0;
  }

  if (size == 0)
    size = strlen (string);

  if (deps_size + size + 1 > deps_allocated_size) {
    deps_allocated_size = deps_size + size + 50;
    deps_allocated_size *= 2;
    deps_buffer = (char *) xrealloc (deps_buffer, deps_allocated_size);
  }
  bcopy (string, &deps_buffer[deps_size], size);
  deps_size += size;
  deps_column += size;
  deps_buffer[deps_size] = 0;
}

/* Get the file-mode and data size of the file open on FD
   and store them in *MODE_POINTER and *SIZE_POINTER.  */

int
#if PROTO_OK
file_size_and_mode(int fd, int *mode_pointer, long int *size_pointer)
#else
file_size_and_mode (fd, mode_pointer, size_pointer)
int fd; int *mode_pointer; long int *size_pointer;
#endif
{
  struct stat sbuf;

  if (fstat (fd, &sbuf) < 0) return (-1);
  if (mode_pointer) *mode_pointer = sbuf.st_mode;
  if (size_pointer) *size_pointer = sbuf.st_size;
  return 0;
}

/* Routines to handle #directives */

/* Process the contents of include file FNAME, already open on descriptor F,
   with output to OP.  */

void
#if PROTO_OK
finclude(int f, char *fname, FILE_BUF *op)
#else
finclude (f, fname, op)
int f; char *fname; FILE_BUF *op;
#endif
{
  int st_mode;
  long st_size;
  long i;
  FILE_BUF *fp;               /* For input stack frame */
  int success = 0;

  char *mark = (char *)obstack_alloc (&obstck,0);

  CHECK_DEPTH (return;);

  if (file_size_and_mode (f, &st_mode, &st_size) < 0)
    goto nope;          /* Impossible? */

  fp = &instack[indepth + 1];
  bzero ((char *)fp, sizeof (FILE_BUF));
  fp->fname = fname;
  fp->length = 0;

  fp->lineno = 1;
  fp->if_stack = if_stack;

  if (S_ISREG (st_mode)) {
    fp->buf = (U_CHAR *) obstack_alloc (&obstck,(st_size + 2));
    fp->bufp = fp->buf;

    /* Read the file contents, knowing that st_size is an upper bound
       on the number of bytes we can read.  */
    while (st_size > 0) {
      i = read (f, fp->buf + fp->length, st_size);
      if (i <= 0) {
      if (i == 0) break;
      goto nope;
      }
      fp->length += i;
      st_size -= i;
    }
  }
  else {
    /* Cannot count its file size before reading.
       First read the entire file into heap and
       copy them into buffer on stack. */

    U_CHAR *bufp;
    U_CHAR *basep;
    int bsize = 2000;

    st_size = 0;
    basep = (U_CHAR *) xmalloc (bsize + 2);
    bufp = basep;

    for (;;) {
      i = read (f, bufp, bsize - st_size);
      if (i < 0)
      goto nope;      /* error! */
      if (i == 0)
      break;      /* End of file */
      st_size += i;
      bufp += i;
      if (bsize == st_size) { /* Buffer is full! */
        bsize *= 2;
        basep = (U_CHAR *) xrealloc (basep, bsize + 2);
        bufp = basep + st_size;     /* May have moved */
      }
    }
    fp->buf = (U_CHAR *) obstack_alloc (&obstck,(st_size + 2));
    fp->bufp = fp->buf;
    bcopy (basep, fp->buf, st_size);
    fp->length = st_size;
    free (basep);
  }

  if (!no_trigraphs)
    trigraph_pcp (fp);

  if (fp->length > 0 && fp->buf[fp->length-1] != '\n')
    fp->buf[fp->length++] = '\n';
  fp->buf[fp->length] = '\0';

  success = 1;
  indepth++;

  output_line_command (fp, op, 0, enter_file);
  rescan (op, 0);
  indepth--;
  output_line_command (&instack[indepth], op, 0, leave_file);

nope:

  if (!success)
    perror_with_name (fname);

  close (f);
  
  obstack_free (&obstck,mark);
}

/*
 * Process include file by reading it in and calling rescan.
 * Expects to see "fname" or <fname> on the input.
 */

int
#if PROTO_OK
do_include(U_CHAR *buf, U_CHAR *limit, FILE_BUF *op, struct directive *keyword)
#else
do_include (buf, limit, op, keyword)
U_CHAR *buf, *limit; FILE_BUF *op; struct directive *keyword;
#endif
{
  char *fname;          /* Dynamically allocated fname buffer */
  U_CHAR *fbeg, *fend;        /* Beginning and end of fname */

  struct file_name_list *stackp = include; /* Chain of dirs to search */
  struct file_name_list dsp[1];     /* First in chain, if #include "..." */
  int flen;

  int f;                /* file number */

  char *mark = (char *)obstack_alloc (&obstck,0);

  int retried = 0;            /* Have already tried macro
                           expanding the include line*/
  FILE_BUF trybuf;            /* It got expanded into here */
  int system_header_p = 0;    /* 0 for "...", 1 for <...> */

  f= -1;                /* JF we iz paranoid! */

get_filename:

  fbeg = buf;
  SKIP_WHITE_SPACE (fbeg);
  /* Discard trailing whitespace so we can easily see
     if we have parsed all the significant chars we were given.  */
  while (limit != fbeg && is_hor_space[limit[-1]]) limit--;

  switch (*fbeg++) {
  case '\"':
    fend = fbeg;
    while (fend != limit && *fend != '\"')
      fend++;
    if (*fend == '\"' && fend + 1 == limit) {
      FILE_BUF *fp;

      /* We have "filename".  Figure out directory this source
       file is coming from and put it on the front of the list. */

      /* If -I- was specified, don't search current dir, only spec'd ones. */

      if (ignore_srcdir) break;

      for (fp = &instack[indepth]; fp >= instack; fp--)
      {
        int n;
        char *ep,*nam;
        if ((nam = fp->fname) != NULL) {
          /* Found a named file.  Figure out dir of the file,
             and put it in front of the search list.  */
          dsp[0].next = stackp;
          stackp = dsp;
          ep = rindex (nam, '/');
          if (ep != NULL) {
            n = ep - nam;
            dsp[0].fname = (char *) obstack_alloc (&obstck,(n + 1));
            strncpy (dsp[0].fname, nam, n);
            dsp[0].fname[n] = '\0';
            if (n > max_include_len) max_include_len = n;
          } else {
            dsp[0].fname = 0; /* Current directory */
          }
          break;
        }
      }
      break;
    }
    goto fail;

  case '<':
    fend = fbeg;
    while (fend != limit && *fend != '>') fend++;
    if (*fend == '>' && fend + 1 == limit) {
      system_header_p = 1;
      /* If -I-, start with the first -I dir after the -I-.  */
      if (first_bracket_include)
      stackp = first_bracket_include;
      break;
    }
    goto fail;

  default:
  fail:
    if (retried) {
      error ("#include expects \"fname\" or <fname>",0,0,0);
      return 0;
    } else {
      trybuf = expand_to_temp_buffer (buf, limit, 0);
      buf = (U_CHAR *) obstack_alloc (&obstck,(trybuf.bufp - trybuf.buf + 1));
      bcopy (trybuf.buf, buf, trybuf.bufp - trybuf.buf);
      limit = buf + (trybuf.bufp - trybuf.buf);
      free (trybuf.buf);
      retried++;
      goto get_filename;
    }
  }

  flen = fend - fbeg;
  fname = (char *) obstack_alloc (&obstck,(max_include_len + flen + 2));
  /* + 2 above for slash and terminating null.  */

  /* If specified file name is absolute, just open it.  */

  if (*fbeg == '/') {
    strncpy (fname, fbeg, flen);
    fname[flen] = 0;
    f = open (fname, O_RDONLY, 0666);
  } else {
    /* Search directory path, trying to open the file.
       Copy each filename tried into FNAME.  */

    for (; stackp; stackp = stackp->next) {
      if (stackp->fname) {
      strcpy (fname, stackp->fname);
      strcat (fname, "/");
      fname[strlen (fname) + flen] = 0;
      } else {
      fname[0] = 0;
      }
      strncat (fname, fbeg, flen);
      if ((f = open (fname, O_RDONLY, 0666)) >= 0)
      break;
    }
  }

  if (f < 0) {
    strncpy (fname, fbeg, flen);
    fname[flen] = 0;
    error_from_errno (fname);

    /* For -M, add this file to the dependencies.  */
    if (print_deps > (system_header_p || (system_include_depth > 0))) {
      if (system_header_p)
      warning ("nonexistent file <%s> omitted from dependency output",
             fbeg, 0, 0);
      else
      {
        deps_output (fbeg, fend - fbeg);
        if (eli_deps)
          deps_output ("\n", 0);
        else
          deps_output (" ", 0);
      }
    }
  } else {

    /* Check to see if this include file is a once-only include file.
       If so, give up.  */

    struct file_name_list* ptr;

    for (ptr = dont_repeat_files; ptr; ptr = ptr->next) {
      if (!strcmp (ptr->fname, fname)) {
      close (f);
        return 0;                   /* This file was once'd. */
      }
    }

    for (ptr = all_include_files; ptr; ptr = ptr->next) {
      if (!strcmp (ptr->fname, fname))
        break;                      /* This file was included before. */
    }

    if (ptr == 0) {
      /* This is the first time for this file.  */
      /* Add it to list of files included.  */

      ptr = (struct file_name_list *) xmalloc (sizeof (struct file_name_list));
      ptr->next = all_include_files;
      all_include_files = ptr;
      ptr->fname = savestring (fname);

      /* For -M, add this file to the dependencies.  */
      if (print_deps > (system_header_p || (system_include_depth > 0))) {
      deps_output (fname, strlen (fname));
      if (eli_deps)
        deps_output ("\n", 0);
      else
        deps_output (" ", 0);
      }
    }   

    if (system_header_p)
      system_include_depth++;

    /* Actually process the file.  */
    finclude (f, fname, op);

    if (system_header_p)
      system_include_depth--;

    close (f);
  }

  obstack_free (&obstck,mark);
  return 0;
}

/* The arglist structure is built by do_define to tell
   collect_definition where the argument names begin.  That
   is, for a define like "#define f(x,y,z) foo+x-bar*y", the arglist
   would contain pointers to the strings x, y, and z.
   Collect_definition would then build a DEFINITION node,
   with reflist nodes pointing to the places x, y, and z had
   appeared.  So the arglist is just convenience data passed
   between these two routines.  It is not kept around after
   the current #define has been processed and entered into the
   hash table. */

struct arglist {
  struct arglist *next;
  U_CHAR *name;
  int length;
  int argno;
};

/* Read a replacement list for a macro with parameters.
   Build the DEFINITION structure.
   Reads characters of text starting at BUF until LIMIT.
   ARGLIST specifies the formal parameters to look for
   in the text of the definition; NARGS is the number of args
   in that list, or -1 for a macro name that wants no argument list.
   MACRONAME is the macro name itself (so we can avoid recursive expansion)
   and NAMELEN is its length in characters.
   
Note that comments and backslash-newlines have already been deleted
from the argument.  */

/* Leading and trailing Space, Tab, etc. are converted to markers
   Newline Space, Newline Tab, etc.
   Newline Space makes a space in the final output
   but is discarded if stringified.  (Newline Tab is similar but
   makes a Tab instead.)

   If there is no trailing whitespace, a Newline Space is added at the end
   to prevent concatenation that would be contrary to the standard.  */

DEFINITION *
#if PROTO_OK
collect_expansion(U_CHAR *buf, U_CHAR *end, int nargs, struct arglist *arglist)
#else
collect_expansion (buf, end, nargs, arglist)
U_CHAR *buf, *end; int nargs; struct arglist *arglist;
#endif
{
  DEFINITION *defn;
  register U_CHAR *p, *limit, *lastp, *exp_p;
  struct reflist *endpat = NULL;
  /* Pointer to first nonspace after last ## seen.  */
  U_CHAR *concat = 0;
  /* Pointer to first nonspace after last single-# seen.  */
  U_CHAR *stringify = 0;
  int maxsize;
  int expected_delimiter = '\0';

  /* Scan thru the replacement list, ignoring comments and quoted
     strings, picking up on the macro calls.  It does a linear search
     thru the arg list on every potential symbol.  Profiling might say
     that something smarter should happen. */

  if (end < buf)
    abort ();

  /* Find the beginning of the trailing whitespace.  */
  /* Find end of leading whitespace.  */
  limit = end;
  p = buf;
  while (p < limit && is_space[limit[-1]]) limit--;
  while (p < limit && is_space[*p]) p++;

  /* Allocate space for the text in the macro definition.
     Leading and trailing whitespace chars need 2 bytes each.
     Each other input char may or may not need 1 byte,
     so this is an upper bound.
     The extra 2 are for invented trailing newline-marker and final null.  */
  maxsize = (sizeof (DEFINITION)
           + 2 * (end - limit) + 2 * (p - buf)
           + (limit - p) + 3);
  defn = (DEFINITION *) xcalloc (1, maxsize);

  defn->nargs = nargs;
  exp_p = defn->expansion = (U_CHAR *) defn + sizeof (DEFINITION);
  lastp = exp_p;

  p = buf;

  /* Convert leading whitespace to Newline-markers.  */
  while (p < limit && is_space[*p]) {
    *exp_p++ = '\n';
    *exp_p++ = *p++;
  }

  if (p + 1 < limit && p[0] == '#' && p[1] == '#') {
    error ("## operator at start of macro definition",0,0,0);
    p += 2;
  }

  /* Process the main body of the definition.  */
  while (p < limit) {
    int skipped_arg = 0;
    register U_CHAR c = *p++;

    *exp_p++ = c;

    if (!traditional) {
      switch (c) {
      case '\'':
      case '\"':
      for (; p < limit && *p != c; p++) {
        *exp_p++ = *p;
        if (*p == '\\') {
          *exp_p++ = *++p;
        }
      }
      *exp_p++ = *p++;
      break;

      /* Special hack: if a \# is written in the #define
         include a # in the definition.  This is useless for C code
         but useful for preprocessing other things.  */

      case '\\':
      if (p < limit && *p == '#') {
        /* Pass through this # */
        exp_p--;
        *exp_p++ = *p++;
      } else if (p < limit) {
        /* Otherwise backslash goes through but makes next char ordinary.  */
        *exp_p++ = *p++;
      }
      break;

      case '#':
      if (p < limit && *p == '#') {
        /* ##: concatenate preceding and following tokens.  */
        /* Take out the first #, discard preceding whitespace.  */
        exp_p--;
        while (exp_p > lastp && is_hor_space[exp_p[-1]])
          --exp_p;
        /* Skip the second #.  */
        p++;
        /* Discard following whitespace.  */
        SKIP_WHITE_SPACE (p);
        concat = p;
        if (limit <= p)
          error ("## operator at end of macro definition",0,0,0);
      } else {
        /* Single #: stringify following argument ref.
           Don't leave the # in the expansion.  */
        exp_p--;
        SKIP_WHITE_SPACE (p);
        if (p == limit || ! is_idstart[*p] || nargs <= 0)
          error ("# operator should be followed by a macro argument name",0,0,0);
        else
          stringify = p;
      }
      break;
      }
    } else {
      /* In -traditional mode, recognize arguments inside strings and
       and character constants, and ignore special properties of #.
       Arguments inside strings are considered "stringified", but no
       extra quote marks are supplied.  */
      switch (c) {
      case '\'':
      case '\"':
      if (expected_delimiter != '\0') {
        if (c == expected_delimiter)
          expected_delimiter = '\0';
      } else
        expected_delimiter = c;
      break;

      case '\\':
      /* Backslash quotes delimiters and itself, but not macro args.  */
      if (expected_delimiter != 0 && p < limit
          && (*p == expected_delimiter || *p == '\\')) {
        *exp_p++ = *p++;
        continue;
      }
      break;

      case '/':
      if (expected_delimiter != '\0') /* No comments inside strings.  */
        break;
      if (*p == '*') {
        /* If we find a comment that wasn't removed by handle_directive,
           this must be -traditional.  So replace the comment with
           nothing at all.  */
        exp_p--;
        p += 1;
        while (p < limit && !(p[-2] == '*' && p[-1] == '/'))
          p++;
#if 0
        /* Mark this as a concatenation-point, as if it had been ##.  */
        concat = p;
#endif
      }
      break;
      }
    }

    if (is_idchar[c] && nargs > 0) {
      U_CHAR *id_beg = p - 1;
      int id_len;

      --exp_p;
      while (p != limit && is_idchar[*p]) p++;
      id_len = p - id_beg;

      if (is_idstart[c]) {
      register struct arglist *arg;

      for (arg = arglist; arg != NULL; arg = arg->next) {
        struct reflist *tpat;

        if (arg->name[0] == c
            && arg->length == id_len
            && strncmp (arg->name, id_beg, id_len) == 0) {
          /* make a pat node for this arg and append it to the end of
             the pat list */
          tpat = (struct reflist *) xmalloc (sizeof (struct reflist));
          tpat->next = NULL;
          tpat->raw_before = concat == id_beg;
          tpat->raw_after = 0;
          tpat->stringify = (traditional ? expected_delimiter != '\0'
                         : stringify == id_beg);

          if (endpat == NULL)
            defn->pattern = tpat;
          else
            endpat->next = tpat;
          endpat = tpat;

          tpat->argno = arg->argno;
          tpat->nchars = exp_p - lastp;
          {
            register U_CHAR *p1 = p;
            SKIP_WHITE_SPACE (p1);
            if (p1 + 2 <= limit && p1[0] == '#' && p1[1] == '#')
            tpat->raw_after = 1;
          }
          lastp = exp_p;      /* place to start copying from next time */
          skipped_arg = 1;
          break;
        }
      }
      }

      /* If this was not a macro arg, copy it into the expansion.  */
      if (! skipped_arg) {
      register U_CHAR *lim1 = p;
      p = id_beg;
      while (p != lim1)
        *exp_p++ = *p++;
      if (stringify == id_beg)
        error ("# operator should be followed by a macro argument name",0,0,0);
      }
    }
  }

  if (limit < end) {
    /* Convert trailing whitespace to Newline-markers.  */
    while (limit < end && is_space[*limit]) {
      *exp_p++ = '\n';
      *exp_p++ = *limit++;
    }
  } else if (!traditional) {
    /* There is no trailing whitespace, so invent some.  */
    *exp_p++ = '\n';
    *exp_p++ = ' ';
  }

  *exp_p = '\0';

  defn->length = exp_p - defn->expansion;

  /* Crash now if we overrun the allocated size.  */
  if (defn->length + 1 > maxsize)
    abort ();

#if 0
/* This isn't worth the time it takes.  */
  /* give back excess storage */
  defn->expansion = (U_CHAR *) xrealloc (defn->expansion, defn->length + 1);
#endif

  return defn;
}

/* Return 1 if two parts of two macro definitions are effectively different.
   One of the parts starts at BEG1 and has LEN1 chars;
   the other has LEN2 chars at BEG2.
   Any sequence of whitespace matches any other sequence of whitespace.
   FIRST means these parts are the first of a macro definition;
    so ignore leading whitespace entirely.
   LAST means these parts are the last of a macro definition;
    so ignore trailing whitespace entirely.  */

int
#if PROTO_OK
comp_def_part(int first, U_CHAR *beg1,int len1,U_CHAR *beg2,int len2,int last)
#else
comp_def_part (first, beg1, len1, beg2, len2, last)
int first; U_CHAR *beg1, *beg2; int len1, len2; int last;
#endif
{
  register U_CHAR *end1 = beg1 + len1;
  register U_CHAR *end2 = beg2 + len2;
  if (first) {
    while (beg1 != end1 && is_space[*beg1]) beg1++;
    while (beg2 != end2 && is_space[*beg2]) beg2++;
  }
  if (last) {
    while (beg1 != end1 && is_space[end1[-1]]) end1--;
    while (beg2 != end2 && is_space[end2[-1]]) end2--;
  }
  while (beg1 != end1 && beg2 != end2) {
    if (is_space[*beg1] && is_space[*beg2]) {
      while (beg1 != end1 && is_space[*beg1]) beg1++;
      while (beg2 != end2 && is_space[*beg2]) beg2++;
    } else if (*beg1 == *beg2) {
      beg1++; beg2++;
    } else break;
  }
  return (beg1 != end1) || (beg2 != end2);
}

/*
 * return zero if two DEFINITIONs are isomorphic
 */
int
#if PROTO_OK
compare_defs(DEFINITION *d1, DEFINITION *d2)
#else
compare_defs (d1, d2)
     DEFINITION *d1, *d2;
#endif
{
  register struct reflist *a1, *a2;
  register U_CHAR *p1 = d1->expansion;
  register U_CHAR *p2 = d2->expansion;
  int first = 1;

  if (d1->nargs != d2->nargs)
    return 1;
  if (strcmp ((char *)d1->argnames, (char *)d2->argnames))
    return 1;
  for (a1 = d1->pattern, a2 = d2->pattern; a1 && a2;
       a1 = a1->next, a2 = a2->next) {
    if (!((a1->nchars == a2->nchars && ! strncmp (p1, p2, a1->nchars))
        || ! comp_def_part (first, p1, a1->nchars, p2, a2->nchars, 0))
      || a1->argno != a2->argno
      || a1->stringify != a2->stringify
      || a1->raw_before != a2->raw_before
      || a1->raw_after != a2->raw_after)
      return 1;
    first = 0;
    p1 += a1->nchars;
    p2 += a2->nchars;
  }
  if (a1 != a2)
    return 1;
  if (comp_def_part (first, p1, d1->length - (p1 - d1->expansion),
                 p2, d2->length - (p2 - d2->expansion), 1))
    return 1;
  return 0;
}

/* Process a #define command.
BUF points to the contents of the #define command, as a continguous string.
LIMIT points to the first character past the end of the definition.
KEYWORD is the keyword-table entry for #define.  */

int
#if PROTO_OK
do_define(U_CHAR *buf, U_CHAR *limit, FILE_BUF *op, struct directive *keyword)
#else
do_define (buf, limit, op, keyword)
U_CHAR *buf, *limit; FILE_BUF *op; struct directive *keyword;
#endif
{
  U_CHAR *bp;                 /* temp ptr into input buffer */
  U_CHAR *symname;            /* remember where symbol name starts */
  int sym_length;       /* and how long it is */

  DEFINITION *defn;
  int arglengths = 0;         /* Accumulate lengths of arg names
                           plus number of args.  */
  int hashcode;

  char *mark = (char *)obstack_alloc (&obstck,0);

  bp = buf;

  while (is_hor_space[*bp])
    bp++;

  symname = bp;               /* remember where it starts */
  while (is_idchar[*bp] && bp < limit) {
    bp++;
  }
  sym_length = bp - symname;
  if (sym_length == 0)
    error ("invalid macro name",0,0,0);
  else if (!is_idstart[*symname]) {
    U_CHAR *msg;              /* what pain... */
    msg = (U_CHAR *) obstack_alloc (&obstck,(sym_length + 1));
    bcopy (symname, msg, sym_length);
    msg[sym_length] = 0;
    error ("invalid macro name `%s'", msg,0,0);
  } else {
    if (! strncmp (symname, "defined", 7) && sym_length == 7)
      error ("defining `defined' as a macro",0,0,0);
  }

  /* lossage will occur if identifiers or control keywords are broken
     across lines using backslash.  This is not the right place to take
     care of that. */

  if (*bp == '(') {
    struct arglist *arg_ptrs = NULL;
    int argno = 0;

    bp++;               /* skip '(' */
    SKIP_WHITE_SPACE (bp);

    /* Loop over macro argument names.  */
    while (*bp != ')') {
      struct arglist *temp;

      temp = (struct arglist *) obstack_alloc (&obstck,(sizeof (struct arglist)));
      temp->name = bp;
      temp->next = arg_ptrs;
      temp->argno = argno++;
      arg_ptrs = temp;

      if (!is_idstart[*bp])
      warning ("parameter name starts with a digit in #define", 0, 0, 0);

      /* Find the end of the arg name.  */
      while (is_idchar[*bp]) {
      bp++;
      }
      temp->length = bp - temp->name;
      arglengths += temp->length + 2;
      SKIP_WHITE_SPACE (bp);
      if (temp->length == 0 || (*bp != ',' && *bp != ')')) {
      error ("badly punctuated parameter list in #define",0,0,0);
      goto nope;
      }
      if (*bp == ',') {
      bp++;
      SKIP_WHITE_SPACE (bp);
      }
      if (bp >= limit) {
      error ("unterminated parameter list in #define",0,0,0);
      goto nope;
      }
    }

    ++bp;               /* skip paren */
    /* Skip exactly one space or tab if any.  */
    if (bp < limit && (*bp == ' ' || *bp == '\t')) ++bp;
    /* now everything from bp before limit is the definition. */
    defn = collect_expansion (bp, limit, argno, arg_ptrs);

    /* Now set defn->argnames to the result of concatenating
       the argument names in reverse order
       with comma-space between them.  */
    defn->argnames = (U_CHAR *) xmalloc (arglengths + 1);
    {
      struct arglist *temp;
      int i = 0;
      for (temp = arg_ptrs; temp; temp = temp->next) {
      bcopy (temp->name, &defn->argnames[i], temp->length);
      i += temp->length;
      if (temp->next != 0) {
        defn->argnames[i++] = ',';
        defn->argnames[i++] = ' ';
      }
      }
      defn->argnames[i] = 0;
    }
  } else {
    /* simple expansion or empty definition; gobble it */
    if (is_hor_space[*bp])
      ++bp;       /* skip exactly one blank/tab char */
    /* now everything from bp before limit is the definition. */
    defn = collect_expansion (bp, limit, -1, 0);
    defn->argnames = (U_CHAR *) "";
  }

  hashcode = hashf (symname, sym_length, HASHSIZE);

  {
    HASHNODE *hp;
    if ((hp = lookup (symname, sym_length, hashcode)) != NULL) {
      if (hp->type != T_MACRO
        || compare_defs (defn, hp->value.defn)) {
      U_CHAR *msg;                  /* what pain... */
      msg = (U_CHAR *) obstack_alloc (&obstck,(sym_length + 20));
      bcopy (symname, msg, sym_length);
      strcpy ((char *) (msg + sym_length), " redefined");
      warning (msg, 0, 0, 0);
      }
      /* Replace the old definition.  */
      hp->type = T_MACRO;
      hp->value.defn = defn;
    } else {
      int ivalue;
      char *cpvalue;
      install (symname, sym_length, T_MACRO, hashcode, ivalue, cpvalue, defn, "d");
    }
  }
  obstack_free (&obstck,mark);
  return 0;

nope:
  obstack_free (&obstck,mark);
  return 1;

}

/*
 * interpret #line command.  Remembers previously seen fnames
 * in its very own hash table.
 */
#define FNAME_HASHSIZE 37

int
#if PROTO_OK
do_line(U_CHAR *buf, U_CHAR *limit, FILE_BUF *op, struct directive *keyword)
#else
do_line (buf, limit, op, keyword)
U_CHAR *buf, *limit; FILE_BUF *op; struct directive *keyword;
#endif
{
  register U_CHAR *bp;
  FILE_BUF *ip = &instack[indepth];
  FILE_BUF tem;
  int new_lineno;
  enum file_change_code file_change = same_file;

  /* Expand any macros.  */
  tem = expand_to_temp_buffer (buf, limit, 0);

  /* Point to macroexpanded line, which is null-terminated now.  */
  bp = tem.buf;
  SKIP_WHITE_SPACE (bp);

  if (!isdigit (*bp)) {
    error ("invalid format #line command",0,0,0);
    return 0;
  }

  /* The Newline at the end of this line remains to be processed.
     To put the next line at the specified line number,
     we must store a line number now that is one less.  */
  new_lineno = atoi (bp) - 1;

  /* skip over the line number.  */
  while (isdigit (*bp))
    bp++;

#if 0 /* #line 10"foo.c" is supposed to be allowed.  */
  if (*bp && !is_space[*bp]) {
    error ("invalid format #line command");
    return 0;
  }
#endif

  SKIP_WHITE_SPACE (bp);

  if (*bp == '\"') {
    static HASHNODE *fname_table[FNAME_HASHSIZE];
    HASHNODE *hp, **hash_bucket;
    U_CHAR *fname;
    int fname_length;

    fname = ++bp;

    while (*bp && *bp != '\"')
      bp++;
    if (*bp != '\"') {
      error ("invalid format #line command",0,0,0);
      return 0;
    }

    fname_length = bp - fname;

    bp++;
    SKIP_WHITE_SPACE (bp);
    if (*bp) {
      if (*bp == '1')
      file_change = enter_file;
      else if (*bp == '2')
      file_change = leave_file;
      else {
      error ("invalid format #line command",0,0,0);
      return 0;
      }

      bp++;
      SKIP_WHITE_SPACE (bp);
      if (*bp) {
      error ("invalid format #line command",0,0,0);
      return 0;
      }
    }

    hash_bucket =
      &fname_table[hashf (fname, fname_length, FNAME_HASHSIZE)];
    for (hp = *hash_bucket; hp != NULL; hp = hp->next)
      if (hp->length == fname_length &&
        strncmp (hp->value.cpval, fname, fname_length) == 0) {
      ip->fname = hp->value.cpval;
      break;
      }
    if (hp == 0) {
      /* Didn't find it; cons up a new one.  */
      hp = (HASHNODE *) xcalloc (1, sizeof (HASHNODE) + fname_length + 1);
      hp->next = *hash_bucket;
      *hash_bucket = hp;

      hp->length = fname_length;
      ip->fname = hp->value.cpval = ((char *) hp) + sizeof (HASHNODE);
      bcopy (fname, hp->value.cpval, fname_length);
    }
  } else if (*bp) {
    error ("invalid format #line command",0,0,0);
    return 0;
  }

  ip->lineno = new_lineno;
  output_line_command (ip, op, 0, file_change);
  check_expand (op, ip->length - (ip->bufp - ip->buf));
  return 0;
}

/*
 * remove all definitions of symbol from symbol table.
 * according to un*x /lib/cpp, it is not an error to undef
 * something that has no definitions, so it isn't one here either.
 */
int
#if PROTO_OK
do_undef(U_CHAR *buf, U_CHAR *limit, FILE_BUF *op, struct directive *keyword)
#else
do_undef (buf, limit, op, keyword)
U_CHAR *buf, *limit; FILE_BUF *op; struct directive *keyword;
#endif
{
  HASHNODE *hp;

  SKIP_WHITE_SPACE (buf);

  if (! strncmp (buf, "defined", 7) && ! is_idchar[buf[7]])
    warning ("undefining `defined'", 0, 0, 0);

  while ((hp = lookup (buf, -1, -1)) != NULL) {
    if (hp->type != T_MACRO)
      warning ("undefining `%s'", hp->name, 0, 0);
    delete_macro (hp);
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
 * Report a fatal error detected by the program we are processing.
 * Use the text of the line in the error message, then terminate.
 * (We use error() because it prints the filename & line#.)
 */
int
#if PROTO_OK
do_error(U_CHAR *buf, U_CHAR *limit, FILE_BUF *op, struct directive *keyword)
#else
do_error (buf, limit, op, keyword)
U_CHAR *buf, *limit; FILE_BUF *op; struct directive *keyword;
#endif
{
  int length = limit - buf;
  char *copy = (char *) xmalloc (length + 1);
  bcopy (buf, copy, length);
  copy[length] = 0;
  SKIP_WHITE_SPACE (copy);
  error ("#error %s", copy,0,0);
  exit (FATAL_EXIT_CODE);
}

/* Remember the name of the current file being read from so that we can
   avoid ever including it again.  */

void
do_once ()
{
  int i;
  FILE_BUF *ip = NULL;

  for (i = indepth; i >= 0; i--)
    if (instack[i].fname != NULL) {
      ip = &instack[i];
      break;
    }

  if (ip != NULL)
    {
      struct file_name_list *temp;

      temp = (struct file_name_list *) xmalloc (sizeof (struct file_name_list));
      temp->next = dont_repeat_files;
      dont_repeat_files = temp;
      temp->fname = savestring (ip->fname);
    }
}

/* #pragma and its argument line have already been copied to the output file.
   Here just check for recognized pragmas.  */

int
#if PROTO_OK
do_pragma(U_CHAR *buf, U_CHAR *limit, FILE_BUF *op, struct directive *keyword)
#else
do_pragma(buf, limit, op, keyword)
U_CHAR *buf, *limit; FILE_BUF *op; struct directive *keyword;
#endif
{
  while (*buf == ' ' || *buf == '\t')
    buf++;
  if (!strncmp (buf, "once", 4))
    do_once ();
  return 0;
}

#if 0
/* This was a fun hack, but #pragma seems to start to be useful.
   By failing to recognize it, we pass it through unchanged to cc1.  */

/*
 * the behavior of the #pragma directive is implementation defined.
 * this implementation defines it as follows.
 */
void
do_pragma ()
{
  close (0);
  if (open ("/dev/tty", O_RDONLY, 0666) != 0)
    goto nope;
  close (1);
  if (open ("/dev/tty", O_WRONLY, 0666) != 1)
    goto nope;
  execl ("/usr/games/hack", "#pragma", 0);
  execl ("/usr/games/rogue", "#pragma", 0);
  execl ("/usr/new/emacs", "-f", "hanoi", "9", "-kill", 0);
  execl ("/usr/local/emacs", "-f", "hanoi", "9", "-kill", 0);
nope:
  fatal ("You are in a maze of twisty compiler features, all different",
"");
}
#endif

/* Just ignore #sccs, on systems where we define it at all.  */
int
#if PROTO_OK
do_sccs(U_CHAR *buf, U_CHAR *limit, FILE_BUF *op, struct directive *keyword)
#else
do_sccs (buf, limit, op, keyword)
U_CHAR *buf, *limit; FILE_BUF *op; struct directive *keyword;
#endif
{
  if (pedantic)
    error ("ANSI C does not allow #sccs",0,0,0);
  return 0;
}

/*
 * process a given definition string, for initialization
 * If STR is just an identifier, define it with value 1.
 * If STR has anything after the identifier, then it should
 * be identifier-space-definition.
 */
void
#if PROTO_OK
make_definition(U_CHAR *str)
#else
make_definition (str)
     U_CHAR *str;
#endif
{
  FILE_BUF *ip;
  struct directive *kt;
  U_CHAR *buf, *p;

  char *mark = (char *)obstack_alloc (&obstck,0);

  buf = str;
  p = str;
  while (is_idchar[*p]) p++;
  if (p == str) {
    error ("malformed option `-D %s'", str,0,0);
    obstack_free (&obstck,mark);
    return;
  }
  if (*p == 0) {
    buf = (U_CHAR *) obstack_alloc (&obstck,(p - buf + 4));
    strcpy ((char *)buf, str);
    strcat ((char *)buf, " 1");
  } else if (*p != ' ') {
    error ("malformed option `-D %s'", str,0,0);
    obstack_free (&obstck,mark);
    return;
  } else {
    U_CHAR *q;
    /* Copy the entire option so we can modify it.  */
    buf = (U_CHAR *) obstack_alloc (&obstck,(2 * strlen (str) + 1));
    strncpy (buf, str, p - str);
    /* Change the = to a space.  */
    buf[p - str] = ' ';
    /* Scan for any backslash-newline and remove it.  */
    p++;
    q = &buf[p - str];
    while (*p) {
      if (*p == '\\' && p[1] == '\n')
      p += 2;
      /* Change newline chars into newline-markers.  */
      else if (*p == '\n')
      {
        *q++ = '\n';
        *q++ = '\n';
        p++;
      }
      else
      *q++ = *p++;
    }
    *q = 0;
  }
  
  ip = &instack[++indepth];
  ip->fname = "*Initialization*";

  ip->buf = ip->bufp = buf;
  ip->length = strlen (buf);
  ip->lineno = 1;
  ip->macro = 0;
  ip->free_ptr = 0;
  ip->if_stack = if_stack;

  for (kt = directive_table; kt->type != T_DEFINE; kt++)
    ;

  /* pass NULL as output ptr to do_define since we KNOW it never
     does any output.... */
  do_define (buf, buf + strlen (buf) , NULL, kt);
  --indepth;

  obstack_free (&obstck,mark);
}

/* JF, this does the work for the -U option */
void
#if PROTO_OK
make_undef(U_CHAR *str)
#else
make_undef (str)
     U_CHAR *str;
#endif
{
  FILE_BUF *ip;
  struct directive *kt;

  ip = &instack[++indepth];
  ip->fname = "*undef*";

  ip->buf = ip->bufp = str;
  ip->length = strlen (str);
  ip->lineno = 1;
  ip->macro = 0;
  ip->free_ptr = 0;
  ip->if_stack = if_stack;

  for (kt = directive_table; kt->type != T_UNDEF; kt++)
    ;

  do_undef (str,str + strlen (str) - 1, NULL, kt);
  --indepth;
}

int
#if PROTO_OK
main(int argc, char **argv)
#else
main (argc, argv)
int argc; char **argv;
#endif
{
  int st_mode;
  long st_size;
  char *in_fname, *out_fname;
  int f, i;
  FILE_BUF *fp;
  char **pend_files = (char **) xmalloc (argc * sizeof (char *));
  char **pend_defs = (char **) xmalloc (argc * sizeof (char *));
  char **pend_undefs = (char **) xmalloc (argc * sizeof (char *));
  int inhibit_predefs = 0;
  int no_standard_includes = 0;

  /* Non-0 means don't output the preprocessed program.  */
  int inhibit_output = 0;

  /* Stream on which to print the dependency information.  */
  FILE *deps_stream = 0;
  /* Target-name to write with the dependency information.  */
  char *deps_target = 0;

  obstack_init (&obstck); 

#ifdef RLIMIT_STACK
  /* Get rid of any avoidable limit on stack size.  */
  {
    struct rlimit rlim;

    /* Set the stack limit huge so that alloca (particularly stringtab
     * in dbxread.c) does not fail. */
    getrlimit (RLIMIT_STACK, &rlim);
    rlim.rlim_cur = rlim.rlim_max;
    setrlimit (RLIMIT_STACK, &rlim);
  }
#endif /* RLIMIT_STACK defined */

  progname = argv[0];

  in_fname = NULL;
  out_fname = NULL;

  /* Initialize is_idchar to allow $.  */
  dollars_in_ident = 1;
  initialize_char_syntax ();
  dollars_in_ident = DOLLARS_IN_IDENTIFIERS;

  no_line_commands = 0;
  no_trigraphs = 1;
  dump_macros = 0;
  no_output = 0;
  cplusplus = 0;
#ifdef CPLUSPLUS
  cplusplus = 1;
#endif

  signal (SIGPIPE, pipe_closed);


  max_include_len
    = max (max (sizeof (GCC_INCLUDE_DIR),
            sizeof (GPLUSPLUS_INCLUDE_DIR)),
         sizeof ("/usr/include/CC"));

  bzero ((char *)pend_files, argc * sizeof (char *));
  bzero ((char *)pend_defs, argc * sizeof (char *));
  bzero ((char *)pend_undefs, argc * sizeof (char *));

  /* Process switches and find input file name.  */

  for (i = 1; i < argc; i++) {
    if (argv[i][0] != '-') {
      if (out_fname != NULL)
      fatal ("Usage: %s [switches] input output", argv[0]);
      else if (in_fname != NULL)
      out_fname = argv[i];
      else
      in_fname = argv[i];
    } else {
      switch (argv[i][1]) {

      case 'i':
      if (argv[i][2] != 0)
        pend_files[i] = argv[i] + 2;
      else if (i + 1 == argc)
        fatal ("Filename missing after -i option", "");
      else
        pend_files[i] = argv[i+1], i++;
      break;

      case 'o':
      if (out_fname != NULL)
        fatal ("Output filename specified twice", "");
      if (i + 1 == argc)
        fatal ("Filename missing after -o option", "");
      out_fname = argv[++i];
      if (!strcmp (out_fname, "-"))
        out_fname = "";
      break;

      case 'p':
      pedantic = 1;
      break;

      case 't':
      if (!strcmp (argv[i], "-traditional")) {
        traditional = 1;
        dollars_in_ident = 1;
      } else if (!strcmp (argv[i], "-trigraphs")) {
        no_trigraphs = 0;
      }
      break;

      case '+':
      cplusplus = 1;
      break;

      case 'w':
      inhibit_warnings = 1;
      break;

      case 'W':
      if (!strcmp (argv[i], "-Wtrigraphs")) {
        warn_trigraphs = 1;
      }
      if (!strcmp (argv[i], "-Wcomments"))
        warn_comments = 1;
      if (!strcmp (argv[i], "-Wcomment"))
        warn_comments = 1;
      if (!strcmp (argv[i], "-Wall")) {
        warn_trigraphs = 1;
        warn_comments = 1;
      }
      break;

      case 'M':
      if (!strcmp (argv[i], "-M"))
        print_deps = 2;
      else if (!strcmp (argv[i], "-MM"))
        print_deps = 1;
      else if (!strcmp (argv[i], "-ME")) {
        print_deps = 1;
        eli_deps = 1;
      }
      inhibit_output = 1;
      break;

      case 'd':
      dump_macros = 1;
      no_output = 1;
      break;

      case 'v':
      fprintf (stderr, "GNU CPP version %s\n", version_string);
      break;

      case 'D':
      {
        char *p, *p1;

        if (argv[i][2] != 0)
          p = argv[i] + 2;
        else if (i + 1 == argc)
          fatal ("Macro name missing after -D option", "");
        else
          p = argv[++i];

        if ((p1 = (char *) index (p, '=')) != NULL)
          *p1 = ' ';
        pend_defs[i] = p;
      }
      break;

      case 'U':         /* JF #undef something */
      if (argv[i][2] != 0)
        pend_undefs[i] = argv[i] + 2;
      else if (i + 1 == argc)
        fatal ("Macro name missing after -U option", "");
      else
        pend_undefs[i] = argv[i+1], i++;
      break;

      case 'C':
      put_out_comments = 1;
      break;

      case 'E':               /* -E comes from cc -E; ignore it.  */
      break;

      case 'P':
      no_line_commands = 1;
      break;

      case '$':               /* Don't include $ in identifiers.  */
      dollars_in_ident = 0;
      break;

      case 'I':               /* Add directory to path for includes.  */
      {
        struct file_name_list *dirtmp;

        if (! ignore_srcdir && !strcmp (argv[i] + 2, "-"))
          ignore_srcdir = 1;
        else {
          dirtmp = (struct file_name_list *)
            xmalloc (sizeof (struct file_name_list));
          dirtmp->next = 0;         /* New one goes on the end */
          if (include == 0)
            include = dirtmp;
          else
            last_include->next = dirtmp;
          last_include = dirtmp;    /* Tail follows the last one */
          if (argv[i][2] != 0)
            dirtmp->fname = argv[i] + 2;
          else if (i + 1 == argc)
            fatal ("Directory name missing after -I option", "");
          else
            dirtmp->fname = argv[++i];
          if (strlen (dirtmp->fname) > max_include_len)
            max_include_len = strlen (dirtmp->fname);
          if (ignore_srcdir && first_bracket_include == 0)
            first_bracket_include = dirtmp;
          }
      }
      break;

      case 'n':
      /* -nostdinc causes no default include directories.
         You must specify all include-file directories with -I.  */
      no_standard_includes = 1;
      break;

      case 'u':
      /* Sun compiler passes undocumented switch "-undef".
         Let's assume it means to inhibit the predefined symbols.  */
      inhibit_predefs = 1;
      break;

      case '\0': /* JF handle '-' as file name meaning stdin or stdout */
      if (in_fname == NULL) {
        in_fname = "";
        break;
      } else if (out_fname == NULL) {
        out_fname = "";
        break;
      }     /* else fall through into error */

      default:
      fatal ("Invalid option `%s'", argv[i]);
      }
    }
  }

  /* Now that dollars_in_ident is known, initialize is_idchar.  */
  initialize_char_syntax ();

  /* Install __LINE__, etc.  Must follow initialize_char_syntax
     and option processing.  */
  initialize_builtins ();

  /* Do standard #defines that identify processor type.  */

  if (!inhibit_predefs) {

    char *p;
    p = (char *)obstack_strcpy (&obstck,predefs);
    p = (char *)(obstack_strcpy (&obstck,predefs));
    while (*p) {
      char *q;
      if (p[0] != '-' || p[1] != 'D')
      abort ();
      q = &p[2];
      while (*p && *p != ' ') p++;
      if (*p != 0)
      *p++= 0;
      make_definition (q);
    }
  }

  /* Do defines specified with -D.  */
  for (i = 1; i < argc; i++)
    if (pend_defs[i])
      make_definition (pend_defs[i]);

  /* Do undefines specified with -U.  */
  for (i = 1; i < argc; i++)
    if (pend_undefs[i])
      make_undef (pend_undefs[i]);

  /* Unless -fnostdinc,
     tack on the standard include file dirs to the specified list */
  if (!no_standard_includes) {
    if (include == 0)
      include = (cplusplus ? cplusplus_include_defaults : include_defaults);
    else
      last_include->next
      = (cplusplus ? cplusplus_include_defaults : include_defaults);
    /* Make sure the list for #include <...> also has the standard dirs.  */
    if (ignore_srcdir && first_bracket_include == 0)
      first_bracket_include
      = (cplusplus ? cplusplus_include_defaults : include_defaults);
  }

  /* Initialize output buffer */

  outbuf.buf = (U_CHAR *) xmalloc (OUTBUF_SIZE);
  outbuf.bufp = outbuf.buf;
  outbuf.length = OUTBUF_SIZE;

  /* Scan the -i files before the main input.
     Much like #including them, but with no_output set
     so that only their macro definitions matter.  */

  no_output++;
  for (i = 1; i < argc; i++)
    if (pend_files[i]) {
      int fd = open (pend_files[i], O_RDONLY, 0666);
      if (fd < 0) {
      perror_with_name (pend_files[i]);
      return FATAL_EXIT_CODE;
      }
      finclude (fd, pend_files[i], &outbuf);
    }
  no_output--;

  /* Create an input stack level for the main input file
     and copy the entire contents of the file into it.  */

  fp = &instack[++indepth];

  /* JF check for stdin */
  if (in_fname == NULL || *in_fname == 0) {
    in_fname = "";
    f = 0;
  } else if ((f = open (in_fname, O_RDONLY, 0666)) < 0)
    goto perror;

  /* Either of two environment variables can specify output of deps.
     Its value is either "OUTPUT_FILE" or "OUTPUT_FILE DEPS_TARGET",
     where OUTPUT_FILE is the file to write deps info to
     and DEPS_TARGET is the target to mention in the deps.  */

  if (print_deps == 0
      && (getenv ("SUNPRO_DEPENDENCIES") != 0
        || getenv ("DEPENDENCIES_OUTPUT") != 0))
    {
      char *spec = getenv ("DEPENDENCIES_OUTPUT");
      char *s;
      char *output_file;

      if (spec == 0)
      {
        spec = getenv ("SUNPRO_DEPENDENCIES");


        print_deps = 2;
      }
      else
      print_deps = 1;

      s = spec;
      /* Find the space before the DEPS_TARGET, if there is one.  */
      /* Don't use `index'; that causes trouble on USG.  */
      while (*s != 0 && *s != ' ') s++;
      if (*s != 0)
      {
        deps_target = s + 1;
        output_file = (char *) xmalloc (s - spec + 1);
        bcopy (spec, output_file, s - spec);
        output_file[s - spec] = 0;
      }
      else
      {
        deps_target = 0;
        output_file = spec;
      }
      
      deps_stream = fopen (output_file, "a");
      if (deps_stream == 0)
      pfatal_with_name (output_file);
    }
  /* If the -M option was used, output the deps to standard output.  */
  else if (print_deps)
    deps_stream = stdout;

  /* For -M, print the expected object file name
     as the target of this Make-rule.  */
  if (print_deps) {
    deps_allocated_size = 200;
    deps_buffer = (char *) xmalloc (deps_allocated_size);
    deps_buffer[0] = 0;
    deps_size = 0;
    deps_column = 0;

    if (!eli_deps) {
      if (deps_target) {
      deps_output (deps_target, 0);
      deps_output (":", 0);
      } else if (*in_fname == 0)
      deps_output ("-: ", 0);
      else {
      int len;
      char *p = in_fname;
      char *p1 = p;
      /* Discard all directory prefixes from P.  */
      while (*p1) {
        if (*p1 == '/')
          p = p1 + 1;
        p1++;
      }
      /* Output P, but remove known suffixes.  */
      len = strlen (p);
      if (p[len - 2] == '.'
          && (p[len - 1] == 'c' || p[len - 1] == 'C' || p[len - 1] == 'S'))
        deps_output (p, len - 2);
      else if (p[len - 3] == '.'
             && p[len - 2] == 'c'
             && p[len - 1] == 'c')
        deps_output (p, len - 3);
      else
        deps_output (p, 0);
      /* Supply our own suffix.  */
      deps_output (".o : ", 0);
      deps_output (in_fname, 0);
      deps_output (" ", 0);
      }
    }
  }

  file_size_and_mode (f, &st_mode, &st_size);
  fp->fname = in_fname;
  fp->lineno = 1;
  /* JF all this is mine about reading pipes and ttys */
  if (!S_ISREG (st_mode)) {
    /* Read input from a file that is not a normal disk file.
       We cannot preallocate a buffer with the correct size,
       so we must read in the file a piece at the time and make it bigger.  */
    int size;
    int bsize;
    int cnt;
    U_CHAR *bufp;

    bsize = 2000;
    size = 0;
    fp->buf = (U_CHAR *) xmalloc (bsize + 2);
    bufp = fp->buf;
    for (;;) {
      cnt = read (f, bufp, bsize - size);
      if (cnt < 0) goto perror;     /* error! */
      if (cnt == 0) break;    /* End of file */
      size += cnt;
      bufp += cnt;
      if (bsize == size) {    /* Buffer is full! */
        bsize *= 2;
        fp->buf = (U_CHAR *) xrealloc (fp->buf, bsize + 2);
      bufp = fp->buf + size;  /* May have moved */
      }
    }
    fp->length = size;
  } else {
    /* Read a file whose size we can determine in advance.
       Actually, st_size is just an upper bound.  */
    long i;
    fp->length = 0;
    fp->buf = (U_CHAR *) xmalloc (st_size + 2);

    while (st_size > 0) {
      i = read (f, fp->buf + fp->length, st_size);
      if (i <= 0) {
        if (i == 0) break;
      goto perror;
      }
      fp->length += i;
      st_size -= i;
    }
  }
  fp->bufp = fp->buf;
  fp->if_stack = if_stack;
  
  /* Unless inhibited, convert trigraphs in the input.  */

  if (!no_trigraphs)
    trigraph_pcp (fp);

  /* Make sure data ends with a newline.  And put a null after it.  */

  if (fp->length > 0 && fp->buf[fp->length-1] != '\n')
    fp->buf[fp->length++] = '\n';
  fp->buf[fp->length] = '\0';

  /* Now that we know the input file is valid, open the output.  */

  if (!out_fname || !strcmp (out_fname, ""))
    out_fname = "stdout";
  else if (! freopen (out_fname, "w", stdout))

    pfatal_with_name (out_fname);

  output_line_command (fp, &outbuf, 0, same_file);

  /* Scan the input, processing macros and directives.  */

  rescan (&outbuf, 0);

  /* Now we have processed the entire input
     Write whichever kind of output has been requested.  */


  if (dump_macros)
    dump_all_macros ();
  else if (! inhibit_output && deps_stream != stdout) {
    if (write (fileno (stdout), outbuf.buf, outbuf.bufp - outbuf.buf) < 0)
      fatal ("I/O error on output", "");
  }

  if (print_deps) {
    fputs (deps_buffer, deps_stream);
    if (!eli_deps)
      putc ('\n', deps_stream);
    if (deps_stream != stdout) {
      fclose (deps_stream);
      if (ferror (deps_stream))
      fatal ("I/O error on output", "");
    }
  }

  if (ferror (stdout))
    fatal ("I/O error on output", "");

  if (errors)
    return (FATAL_EXIT_CODE);
  return (SUCCESS_EXIT_CODE);

perror:
  pfatal_with_name (in_fname); 
  return 0;
}

Generated by  Doxygen 1.6.0   Back to index